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OBJECTIVE To assess trends in blood pressure (BP) levels, prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in the Czech population from 1985 to 2000/01. DESIGN Five independent cross-sectional population surveys conducted in 1985, 1988, 1992, 1997/98, and 2000/01. SETTING Six, mostly rural, districts of the Czech Republic (Praha-východ, Benesov,(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking as a major risk factor for development of cancer and cardiovascular disease is thought to be partially genetically determined. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and smoking status and the number of cigarettes smoked(More)
OBJECTIVES Omega-3 fatty acids (FA) have been shown to be protective against cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The effect of the consumption of carp meat on CVD risk factors has not yet been examined in detail. We ascertained the influence of a diet enriched with carp meat with an elevated content of omega-3FA (200 g twice weekly for 4 weeks) in a group of(More)
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments are designed to reflect a patient's perspective of how a disease has affected their overall health status. Patient-centered outcomes are of value both for risk assessment and as an outcome measure. Strategies for analyzing HRQOL data are inconsistent primarily because the data frequently do not meet(More)
The INSIG2 (INSIG2 is primarily involved in the regulation of fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis) gene is suggested to be obesity related. An INSIG2 promoter variant, G-102A, has been detected and was demonstrated to be of potential functional significance. In two cohorts of middle-aged men, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To use the rs1229984 variant in the alcohol dehydrogenase 1B gene (ADH1B) as an instrument to investigate the causal role of alcohol in cardiovascular disease. DESIGN Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis of 56 epidemiological studies. PARTICIPANTS 261 991 individuals of European descent, including 20 259 coronary heart disease cases and 10(More)
The importance of an APOAV gene for plasma triglyceride level determination has been shown on transgenic and knockout mice. We examined whether APOAV variants are associated with plasma triglyceride levels and risk of myocardial infarction (MI). We have evaluated the influence of APOAV polymorphisms (T-1131>C and S19>W) on plasma triglycerides in 1191 males(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate the role of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2)-IIA in cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND Higher circulating levels of sPLA2-IIA mass or sPLA2 enzyme activity have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is not clear if this association is causal. A recent phase III clinical(More)
The QT interval, an electrocardiographic measure reflecting myocardial repolarization, is a heritable trait. QT prolongation is a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) and could indicate the presence of the potentially lethal mendelian long-QT syndrome (LQTS). Using a genome-wide association and replication study in up to(More)