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In this study, ¹H NMR-based metabonomics has been applied, for the first time to our knowledge, to investigate lung cancer metabolic signatures in urine, aiming at assessing the diagnostic potential of this approach and gaining novel insights into lung cancer metabolism and systemic effects. Urine samples from lung cancer patients (n = 71) and a control(More)
This work aims at characterizing the metabolic profile of human lung cancer, to gain new insights into tumor metabolism and to identify possible biomarkers with potential diagnostic value in the future. Paired samples of tumor and noninvolved adjacent tissues from 12 lung tumors have been directly analyzed by (1)H HRMAS NMR (500/600 MHz) enabling, for the(More)
In this work, the variations in the metabolic profile of blood plasma from lung cancer patients and healthy controls were investigated through NMR-based metabonomics, to assess the potential of this approach for lung cancer screening and diagnosis. PLS-DA modeling of CPMG spectra from plasma, subjected to Monte Carlo Cross Validation, allowed cancer(More)
This study aims to evaluate the potential of (1)H NMR spectroscopy, combined with multivariate statistics, for discriminating between tumour and non-involved (control) pulmonary parenchyma and for providing biochemical information on different histological types. Paired tissue samples from 24 primary lung tumours were directly analysed by high-resolution(More)
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world with a high mortality rate. We analyzed 45 surgical samples of the adenocarcinoma, 13 with lymph node metastasis. APC, BCL2, chromogranin A, CK 5/6/18 (LP34), CK20, CK7, cyclin D1, EGFR, ERCC1, HER2, Ki67, LRP, MRP, P53, RB and TTF1 expressions were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Higher(More)
Pulmonary adenocarcinomas are still in the process of achieving morphological, immunohistochemical and genetic standardization. The ATS/ERS/IASLC proposed classification for lung adenocarcinomas supports the value of the identification of histological patterns, specifically in biopsies. Thirty pulmonary adenocarcinomas were subjected to immunohistochemical(More)
A prognostic interpretation of preneoplastic lesions would have impact in bronchial carcinoma early diagnosis and through the study of Erb-B family receptors as they have an important role in lung carcinogenesis. The existence of drugs as tyrosine kinase inhibitors stressed the importance of studying gene alterations for selected chemoprevention schemes and(More)
Striking evidence associates cancer stem cells (CSCs) to the high recurrence rates and poor survival of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BC). However, the prognostic implication of those cells in risk stratification is not firmly established, mainly due to the functional and phenotypic heterogeneity of CSCs populations, as well as, to the(More)
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is the enzyme responsible for cholesterol esterification in plasma. Mutations in the LCAT gene leads to two rare disorders, familial LCAT deficiency and fish-eye disease, both characterized by severe hypoalphalipoproteinemia associated with several lipoprotein abnormalities. No specific treatment is presently(More)
Lung tumour subtyping, particularly the distinction between adenocarcinoma (AdC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC), is a critical diagnostic requirement. In this work, the metabolic signatures of lung carcinomas were investigated through (1)H NMR metabolomics, with a view to provide additional criteria for improved diagnosis and treatment planning. High(More)