Víctor Baños

Learn More
BACKGROUND Erythromycin has been the treatment of choice for Legionnaires disease (LD). However, treatment failure and experimental evidence of its bacteriostatic effect have led to evaluation of new drugs such as fluoroquinolones. This study compared the evolution of patients with LD treated with macrolides and fluoroquinolones. METHODS A prospective(More)
 In this prospective study, the risk factors associated with nosocomial sepsis Caused by Acinetobacter baumannii or Pseudomonas aeruginosa were compared. Prior use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, urinary tract catheter, prior surgery, and mechanical ventilation were significantly associated with nosocomial sepsis caused by Acinetobacter baumannii. The mean(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors and the influence of different empiric antibiotic therapies on outcome and mortality in a cohort of 100 inpatients with bacteraemia (84 cases nosocomial) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Patients were investigated by means of a standard protocol at a 944-bed hospital(More)
A prospective study was designed to investigate anaerobic bacteremias and evaluate their incidence and significance in a general hospital. One or more blood cultures positive for anaerobic microorganisms were analyzed from each of a total of 61 patients hospitalized between January 1988 and April 1992, in accordance with an established protocol. The(More)
Of 342 patients with community-acquired pneumonia, 100 were diagnosed etiologically. In these patients, disease epidemiology, prognostic factors, and influence of antibiotic treatment were analyzed prospectively. Fifty-two patients were treated with a broad-spectrum antibiotic (ceftriaxone), and 48 received a medium-spectrum antibiotic (cefuroxime); some(More)
Although nosocomial pneumonia in non-ventilated patients continues to be frequent and have high mortality rates, knowledge of the associated risk and prognostic factors is still limited. This retrospective study was designed to analyze epidemiological characteristics, risk and prognostic factors in patients with nosocomial pneumonia admitted to a hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial fungemias are infections with a high mortality rate. In last years the incidence of these infections has increased probably because of the growing population of immunocompromised patients who undergo aggressive diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. OBJECTIVE To know the epidemiologic characteristics, risk factors, clinical features(More)
Despite the advances in therapy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requires frequent hospital admissions due to acute exacerbations. We carried out a prospective randomized study of two groups of patients with COPD, one (n = 54) treated with azithromycin (500 mg/day) for three days every 21 days during the winter months, and a control group (n =(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial candidemia (NC) is associated with high mortality, increased hospital stay and greater economical cost. AIMS To evaluate epidemiological and clinical aspects of 2 different cohorts of non-paediatric patients with NC. METHODS A retrospective observational and comparative study of patients with NC. Patients were identified by review(More)
The aim of this study is to describe our experience with linezolid plus rifampin as a salvage therapy in prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) when other antibiotic regimens failed or were not tolerated. A total of 161 patients with a documented prosthetic joint infection were diagnosed with a PJI and prospectively followed up from January 2000 to April 2007.(More)