Learn More
Generation and maintenance of an effective repertoire of T cell antigen receptors are essential to the immune system, yet the number of distinct T cell receptors (TCRs) expressed by the estimated 10(12) T cells in the human body is not known. In this study, TCR gene amplification and sequencing showed that there are about 10(6) different beta chains in the(More)
Signals from G-protein-coupled receptors, tyrosine kinase receptors and integrins cooperate to determine cell growth. Work over the past two years has shown that this cooperation is based on crosstalk involving both receptors and their downstream signaling pathways. These interactions enable cells to integrate information from multiple stimuli that regulate(More)
Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) is a major substrate of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I receptors, which upon phosphorylation on tyrosine docks several signaling molecules. Recently, IRS-1 was found to interact with alphav beta3 integrins upon insulin stimulation. Integrins are transmembrane proteins that play an important role in adhesion(More)
Identification of MHC-restricted antigens and progress in the induction and control of adaptive cytotoxic immune responses have led to renewed interest in immunotherapy as a treatment for severe pathologies such as cancer and autoimmune diseases. Reliable procedures for detecting and monitoring T cell responses induced by the treatment throughout a clinical(More)
p73, a transcription factor rarely mutated in cancer, regulates a subset of p53 target genes that cause cells to respond to genotoxic stress by growth arrest and apoptosis. p73 is produced in two main forms; only TAp73 reiterates the roles of p53, while DeltaNp73 can be oncogenic in character. We show that the TAp73 form produced by TP73 P1 promoter has(More)
The adaptor molecule growth-factor-receptor-bound protein-2 (Grb2) plays a role in insulin action since it links tyrosine phosphorylated IRS-1 and Shc to the guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor, Sos, which initiates the mitogen-activated-protein (MAP) kinase cascade by producing Ras-GTP. Both IRS-1 and Shc are phosphorylated by the insulin-receptor tyrosine(More)
Members of the early growth response (EGR) family of transcription factors play diverse functions in response to many cellular stimuli, including growth, stress, and inflammation. Egr3 has gone relatively unstudied, but here through use of the SPECS (Strategic Partners for the Evaluation of Predictive Signatures of Prostate Cancer) Affymetrix whole genome(More)
Recent studies are reviewed indicating that the transcription factor early growth response-1 (Egr1) is a direct regulator of multiple tumor suppressors including TGFbeta1, PTEN, p53, and fibronectin. The downstream pathways of these factors display multiple nodes of interaction with each other, suggesting the existence of a functional network of suppressor(More)
Early growth response-1 (Egr-1) is overexpressed in human prostate tumors and contributes to cancer progression. On the other hand, mutation of p53 is associated with advanced prostate cancer, as well as with metastasis and hormone independence. This study shows that in prostate cell lines in culture, Egr-1 overexpression correlated with an alteration of(More)
The PTEN tumour suppressor and pro-apoptotic gene is frequently mutated in human cancers. We show that PTEN transcription is upregulated by Egr-1 after irradiation in wild-type, but not egr-1-/-, mice in vivo. We found that Egr-1 specifically binds to the PTEN 5' untranslated region, which contains a functional GCGGCGGCG Egr-1-binding site. Inducing Egr-1(More)