Véronique Santé-Lhoutellier

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The structural and metabolic characteristics of the pectoralis major (P. major) muscle (i.e., breast muscle) and the quality of the resulting meat were studied in relation to breast muscle fiber development in broiler chickens. Six hundred birds originating from a commercial, grand parental, male heavy line (Hubbard-Europe, Châteaubourg, France) were kept(More)
1. Pectoralis major (P. major) muscle pH and meat quality traits were studied in relation to bird response to ante-mortem stress in three chicken lines: a fast-growing standard line (FGL), a slow-growing French 'Label Rouge' line (SGL) and a heavy line (HL). Ninety-nine birds of the three genetic types were slaughtered at their usual marketing age (6, 12(More)
1. The aim of this study was to compare the behavioural and physiological responses to hanging and acute heat stress in three different chicken breeds. Chicks were obtained from a slow-growing French 'Label Rouge' line (SGL), a fast-growing standard line (FGL) and a heavy line (HL). The SGL, FGL and HL birds were slaughtered at their respective market ages(More)
The qualitative properties of the meat are of major importance for poultry breeding, since meat is now widely consumed as cuts or as processed products. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic parameters of several breast meat quality traits and their genetic relationships with muscle characteristics in a heavy commercial line of broilers.(More)
The present study aimed to evaluate the digestion rate and nutritional quality of pig muscle proteins in relation to different meat processes (aging, mincing, and cooking). Under our experimental conditions, aging and mincing had little impact on protein digestion. Heat treatments had different temperature-dependent effects on the meat protein digestion(More)
A simple and reliable method for the determination of surface hydrophobicity of nonsolubilized myofibrils (from pig M. longissimus dorsi) was developed and validated. This method is based on the interaction of the hydrophobic chromophore bromophenol blue (BPB) with myofibrillar proteins and the separation of free and bound BPB by centrifugation. The(More)
The effect of meat cooking was measured on myofibrillar proteins from bovine M. Rectus abdominis. The heating treatment involved two temperatures (100 degrees C during 5, 15, 30, and 45 min and 270 degrees C during 1 min). Protein oxidation induced by cooking was evaluated by the level of carbonyl and free thiol groups. Structural modifications of proteins(More)
Pig semimembranosus muscles, sampled from normal hams or from PSE-zones of defective hams, were analysed by histochemistry and electrophoretic techniques. PSE zones were characterised by a disorganisation of fibre alignment and a significant increase of inter fibre spacing (26.2% vs. 16.9%, p<0.05). Protein solubility was significantly lower in defective(More)
Effect of pasture- or concentrate-diet on myofibrillar protein oxidation and in vitro digestibility was measured in lamb meat (M. longissimus dorsi) during a refrigerated storage of 7days under gas permeable film. Protein oxidation was measured by the carbonyl content determined chemically using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) and specific targets of(More)
The effect of cooking on protein oxidation was investigated in M. Longissimus thoracis of eight Normand cows fed during a 100 days finishing period with two different diets: a conventional diet (concentrate/straw based diet) and a diet rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), obtained by addition to the conventional diet of a mixture of extruded(More)