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Electroporation is an effective alternative to viral methods to significantly improve DNA transfection after intradermal and topical delivery. The aim of the study was to check whether a combination of a short high-voltage pulse (HV) to permeabilize the skin cells and a long low-voltage pulse (LV) to transfer DNA by electrophoresis was more efficient to(More)
Peptides and proteins remain poorly bioavailable upon oral administration. One of the most promising strategies to improve their oral delivery relies on their association with colloidal carriers, e.g. polymeric nanoparticles, stable in gastrointestinal tract, protective for encapsulated substances and able to modulate physicochemical characteristics, drug(More)
Electroporation is the transitory structural perturbation of lipid bilayer membranes due to the application of high voltage pulses. Its application to the skin has been shown to increase transdermal drug delivery by several orders of magnitude. Moreover, electroporation, used alone or in combination with other enhancement methods, expands the range of drugs(More)
Gene electrotransfer is gaining momentum as an efficient methodology for nonviral gene transfer. In skeletal muscle, data suggest that electric pulses play two roles: structurally permeabilizing the muscle fibers and electrophoretically supporting the migration of DNA toward or across the permeabilized membrane. To investigate this further, combinations of(More)
An in vitro model of the human follicle associated epithelium (FAE) was characterized and the influence of nanoparticle properties on the transcellular transport across the in vitro model was investigated. The model was established by co-culturing Caco-2 and Raji cells, with Caco-2 cells alone as control. The conversion of Caco-2 cells to follicle(More)
The application of short-duration high-voltage pulses to the skin has been shown to enhance transdermal drug delivery by several orders of magnitude and to transiently permeabilize cells in tissue. Both exponentially decaying (ED) pulses and square wave (SW) pulses have been applied. The latter have also been used for electrochemotherapy. To date, their(More)
Electroporation (EP) is a physical method for the delivery of molecules into cells and tissues, including the skin. In this study, in order to control the degree of transdermal and topical drug delivery, EP at different amplitudes of electric pulses was evaluated. A new in vivo real-time monitoring system based on fluorescently labeled molecules was(More)
The O-octanoylation of human ghrelin is a natural post-translational modification that enhances its binding to model membranes and could potentially play a central role in ghrelin biological activities. Here, we aimed to clarify the mechanisms that drive ghrelin to the membrane and hence to its receptor that mediates most of its endocrinological effects. As(More)
The development of DNA vaccines requires appropriate delivery technologies. Electrotransfer is one of the most efficient methods of non-viral gene transfer. In the present study, intradermal DNA electrotransfer was first optimised. Strong effects of the injection method and the dose of DNA on luciferase expression were demonstrated. Pre-treatments were(More)