Véronique Picard

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BACKGROUND Sevoflurane, with its low pungency and low blood and tissue solubility, is an attractive anaesthetic in paediatric outpatient surgery. Propofol-anaesthesia is recognised for its rapid and clear-headed emergence. This study was designed to compare emergence and recovery characteristics of sevoflurane and propofol anaesthesia for tonsillectomy in(More)
A rapid method for efficiently generating site-directed mutations on a clean sequence background is described. This modification of the megaprimer PCR mutagenesis approach can be performed in one tube in less than 4.5 hours, and does not require purification of intermediate products. High fidelity of DNA sequence replication is obtained by employing Pfu DNA(More)
Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis is a genetic condition with defective red blood cell membrane properties that causes an imbalance in intracellular cation concentrations. Recently, two missense mutations in the mechanically activated PIEZO1 (FAM38A) ion channel were associated with dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis. However, it is not known how these(More)
Prolonged cannabis use has a significant impact on health and well-being. Genetic factors are known to influence cannabis dependence, but few specific genetic markers have been identified. ABCB1 polymorphisms are known to modify drug pharmacokinetics but have yet to be studied for their role in generating and maintaining cannabis dependence. The objective(More)
Sequencing of reverse-transcriptase genes and recombinant virus assays were performed on paired isolates from antiretroviral drug-naive patients randomized to stavudine and didanosine (group 1; n = 21) or zidovudine and lamivudine (group 2; n = 21) at baseline and after > or = 12 months of follow-up. The T215Y mutation emerged in 13 (61.9%) and 2 (9.5%)(More)
BACKGROUND In nonobese patients, peritoneal insufflation has consistently been shown to influence parameters of preload and afterload as well as cardiac output. Obese patients have an abnormal and particular cardiovascular status. The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic changes induced by an increase of intra-abdominal pressure in morbidly(More)
There is increasing evidence that serpin conformational alteration caused by single point mutations can be responsible for protein deficiency associated with human diseases. A typical example is the alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency caused by the Z variant carrying a Glu342Lys substitution. Only a few cases of "conformational disease" involving other serpins(More)
The coagulation system is governed by a subtle balance between clotting activators and inhibitors. Many genes can contribute to the overall phenotype, and polymorphisms may act to up regulate or down regulate the generation of thrombin, the coagulation-key enzyme. An increase in coagulation factor (gain function) or/and a decrease in coagulation inhibitors(More)
Bromocriptin (BCT) is a dopaminergic receptor agonist, poorly transported through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and responsible for central side effects. Interactions between BCT and the efflux protein, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), have been described in vitro but nothing is known in vivo nor at the BBB level. At the BBB, in vivo, we investigated BCT as (i) a Pgp(More)