Véronique Paradis

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To study the process of mammalian sex determination and in particular to further understand the mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of the SRY gene, we have isolated a 4.5-kilobase (kb) pig SRY 5' flanking sequence. To facilitate the in vitro analysis of these sequences, we have generated a porcine genital ridge (PGR) cell line (9E11) that expresses(More)
Polar body extrusion (PBE) is the specialized asymmetric division by which oocytes accomplish reduction in ploidy and retention of cytoplasm. During maternal gametogenesis, as in male meiosis and mitosis, cytokinesis is accomplished by a ring rich in active Rho, myosin, and formin-nucleated F-actin [1-7]. However, unlike mitosis, wherein the contractile(More)
The cystatin protein superfamily is characterized by the presence of conserved sequences that display cysteine protease inhibitory activity (e.g., towards cathepsins). Type 1 and 2 cystatins are encoded by 25 genes of which 23 are grouped in 2 clusters localized on mouse chromosomes 16 and 2. The expression and essential roles of most of these genes in(More)
STUDY QUESTION What are the chromosome segregation errors in human oocyte meiosis-I that may underlie oocyte aneuploidy? SUMMARY ANSWER Multiple modes of chromosome segregation error were observed, including tri-directional anaphases, which we attribute to loss of bipolar spindle structure at anaphase-I. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Oocyte aneuploidy is common(More)
Attention to a visual target can affect perception of a subsequent target for half a second, increasing its sensitivity to backward masking (the attentional blink, AB). In 6 studies, we compared the AB when the second target and its mask had a common onset and when the mask appeared after the target. The results indicate that common-onset masks do not(More)
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