Véronique Orian-Rousseau

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The tyrosine kinase receptor c-Met and its ligand HGF/SF, ezrin, and splice variants of CD44 have independently been identified as tumor metastasis-associated proteins. We now show that these proteins cooperate. A CD44 isoform containing variant exon v6 sequences is strictly required for c-Met activation by HGF/SF in rat and human carcinoma cells, in(More)
Members of the CD44 family of transmembrane glycoproteins, in particular CD44v6 isoforms, were shown to be metastatic determinants of rat pancreatic tumour cells back in the early 1990s. Furthermore, the expression of several CD44 proteins correlates with aggressive stages of various human cancers. Because of the frequent and homogeneous expression of(More)
The tumor microenvironment makes a decisive contribution to the development and dissemination of cancer, for example, through extracellular matrix components such as hyaluronan (HA), and through chemokines that regulate tumor cell behavior and angiogenesis. Here we report a molecular link between HA, its receptor CD44 and the chemokine CXCL12 in the(More)
Various human cancers express elevated levels of the receptor tyrosine kinases Met or Ron and v6-containing isoforms of CD44. The activation of Met and Ron requires the presence of such CD44 v6-containing isoforms that act as coreceptors. Three amino acids within the v6 sequence were identified by mutational analysis to be essential for the coreceptor(More)
A specific splice variant of the CD44 cell- surface protein family, CD44v6, has been shown to act as a coreceptor for the receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met on epithelial cells. Here we show that also on endothelial cells (ECs), the activity of c-Met is dependent on CD44v6. Furthermore, another receptor tyrosine kinase, VEGFR-2, is also regulated by CD44v6. The(More)
In several types of cells, the activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met by its ligand hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) requires the coreceptor CD44v6. The CD44 extracellular domain is necessary for c-Met autophosphorylation, whereas the intracellular domain is required for signal transduction. We have already shown that the CD44 cytoplasmic tail(More)
The intestinal tissue is characterized by important morphogenetic movements during development as well as by a continuous dynamic crypt to villus epithelial cell migration leading to differentiation of specialized cells. In this study, we have examined the spatio-temporal distribution of laminin A and M chains as well as of alpha 6 and beta 4 integrin(More)
High-molecular-weight splice variants of the CD44 transmembrane protein family have been implicated in tumorigenesis and metastasis formation. By contrast, in certain tumors--for example, Burkitt's lymphoma, neuroblastomas, and prostate cancer--loss of CD44 expression seems to accompany transformation. Here we describe two modes of action of CD44 proteins.(More)
Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTKs) are involved in many cellular processes and play a major role in the control of cell fate. For these reasons, RTK activation is maintained under tight control. Met is an essential RTK that induces proliferation, differentiation, migration, survival and branching morphogenesis. Deregulation of Met by overexpression,(More)
Recent evidence has shown that the activation of receptor tyrosine kinases is not only dependent on binding of their ligands but in addition requires adhesion molecules as coreceptors. We have identified CD44v6 as a coreceptor for c-Met in several tumor and primary cells. The CD44v6 ectodomain is required for c-Met activation, whereas the cytoplasmic tail(More)