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Biochemical changes occurring during the transition between meristematic activity and rest were studied in samples containing cambial cells and their phloem derivatives from Populus x euramericana. Uronic acids represented around 9% of the cell-wall dry matter in spring and 7% in summer and winter. In contrast, a higher content of methylated galacturonic(More)
The structure of an arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) isolated from grape juice was studied by methylation analysis, n.m.r. spectroscopy, and interactions with peanut lectin, after specific degradation with purified enzymes and/or Smith degradation. AGP appeared to be homogeneous with a weight-average molecular weight of 110,000. Treatment of AGP with(More)
The fine structure of a beta-)1----4)-linked glucomannan from Asparagus officinalis has been determined by n.m.r. analysis of the oligosaccharides obtained by acidic and enzymic hydrolyses. Cleavage of the glucomannan with beta-D-mannase from Aspergillus niger and purification by h.p.l.c. gave oligosaccharide fractions that contained Man (mannose), GlcMan(More)
Brandies, cognac, armagnac, whiskeys, and rums are aged in oak barrels to improve their organoleptic properties. During this period, numerous compounds such as ellagitannins are extracted from the wood and can subsequently be transformed into new derivatives by chemical reactions. Model solutions of castalagin and vescalagin have been studied to determine(More)
Xyloglucan polymers have been isolated from cyclamen seeds and characterized by both liquid and CP-MAS 13C NMR spectroscopy. Treatment of the polysaccharides with cellulase from Trichoderma viride afforded XG oligomers which have been studied with both mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. The repeating unit in the intact polymers and the most abundant(More)
The internal dynamics of four disaccharides, a galacturonic acid dimer, beta-ethyl-lactoside, sucralose and arabinobiose, have been studied using molecular dynamics and nuclear magnetic resonance methods. Theoretical motion models, which include order parameters and correlation times for internal motions, were extracted from dynamics trajectories in vacuo.(More)
In the present study a combination of proton and carbon relaxation rates have been measured for several oligosaccharides at different temperatures. Correlation times, which have been calculated from both sets of data, have been compared in an attempt to establish the relative rate of internal motion. All the data suggest that these motions are not slow with(More)
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