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Bioactive and bioresorbable composite materials were fabricated using macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams coated with and impregnated by bioactive glass (Bioglass) particles. Stable and homogeneous Bioglass coatings on the surface of PDLLA foams as well as infiltration of Bioglass particles throughout the porous network were achieved using a(More)
Freeze-dried poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous scaffold filled with a fibrin solution containing Schwann cells (SCs) lentivirally transduced to produce and secrete D15A, a bi-functional neurotrophin with brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 activity, and to express green fluorescent protein (GFP) were implanted in the completely transected(More)
Cellular transplantation, including olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) and olfactory nerve fibroblasts (ONF), after experimental spinal cord injury in the rat has previously resulted in regrowth of severed corticospinal (CS) axons across small lesion gaps and partial functional recovery. In order to stimulate CS axon regrowth across large lesion gaps, we(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of increased content of 45S5 Bioglass (0-40 wt%) in poly(dl-lactic acid) (PDLLA) porous foams on the behaviour of MG-63 (human osteosarcoma cell line) and A549 cells (human lung carcinoma cell line). The ability of these cell lines to grow on bioactive composites was quantitatively investigated in order to(More)
Transplantation of mixed cultures containing olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) and olfactory nerve fibroblasts (ONF) has been shown to stimulate regrowth of both acutely and chronically injured corticospinal (CS) axons across small spinal cord lesion gaps. Here, we used a multifactorial transplantation strategy to stimulate regrowth of chronically injured CS(More)
Bone tissue engineering using human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (HBMCs) and biocompatible materials provides an attractive approach to regenerate bone tissue to meet the major clinical need. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of novel porous biodegradable composite materials consisting of a bioactive phase (45S5 Bioglass, 0, 5, and 40(More)
This study developed highly porous degradable composites as potential scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. These scaffolds consisted of poly-D,L-lactic acid filled with 2 and 15 vol.% of 45S5 Bioglass particles and were produced via thermally induced solid-liquid phase separation and subsequent solvent sublimation. The scaffolds had a bimodal and(More)
The effects of poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds (foams) with or without brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on tissue sparing, neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and behavioral improvements of the hindlimbs following implantation in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord were studied. The foams were embedded in fibrin(More)
Highly porous composites scaffolds of poly-D,L-lactide (PDLLA) and poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) containing different amounts (10, 25 and 50 wt%) of bioactive glass (45S5 Bioglass)were prepared by thermally induced solid-liquid phase separation (TIPS) and subsequent solvent sublimation. The addition of increasing amounts of Bioglass into the polymer(More)
The ability of DRG-derived neurons to survive and attach onto macroporous polylactide (PLA) foams was assessed in vitro. The foams were fabricated using a thermally induced polymer-solvent phase separation. Two types of pore structures, namely oriented or interconnected pores, can be produced, depending on the mechanism of phase separation, which in turn(More)