Véronique Maquet

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Highly porous composites scaffolds of poly-D,L-lactide (PDLLA) and poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) containing different amounts (10, 25 and 50 wt%) of bioactive glass (45S5 Bioglass)were prepared by thermally induced solid-liquid phase separation (TIPS) and subsequent solvent sublimation. The addition of increasing amounts of Bioglass into the polymer(More)
Highly porous poly(D,L-lactide)/Bioglass composites scaffolds were prepared by thermally induced phase separation process of polymer solutions and subsequent solvent sublimation. A series of composite foams with different polymer/Bioglass weight ratios was prepared to study the influence of Bioglass content on the foam characteristics such as porous(More)
Freeze-dried poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous scaffold filled with a fibrin solution containing Schwann cells (SCs) lentivirally transduced to produce and secrete D15A, a bi-functional neurotrophin with brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 activity, and to express green fluorescent protein (GFP) were implanted in the completely transected(More)
Bioactive and bioresorbable composite materials were fabricated using macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams coated with and impregnated by bioactive glass (Bioglass) particles. Stable and homogeneous Bioglass coatings on the surface of PDLLA foams as well as infiltration of Bioglass particles throughout the porous network were achieved using a(More)
Bone tissue engineering using human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (HBMCs) and biocompatible materials provides an attractive approach to regenerate bone tissue to meet the major clinical need. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of novel porous biodegradable composite materials consisting of a bioactive phase (45S5 Bioglass, 0, 5, and 40(More)
Cellular transplantation, including olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) and olfactory nerve fibroblasts (ONF), after experimental spinal cord injury in the rat has previously resulted in regrowth of severed corticospinal (CS) axons across small lesion gaps and partial functional recovery. In order to stimulate CS axon regrowth across large lesion gaps, we(More)
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) together with olfactory nerve fibroblasts (ONFs) and neonatal astrocytes are potent stimulators of neurite growth in adulthood and during development, respectively. Since it is known that alignment of glial cells is important for the correct outgrowth of axon tracts, it was hypothesized that the alignment of glial cells(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of increased content of 45S5 Bioglass (0-40 wt%) in poly(dl-lactic acid) (PDLLA) porous foams on the behaviour of MG-63 (human osteosarcoma cell line) and A549 cells (human lung carcinoma cell line). The ability of these cell lines to grow on bioactive composites was quantitatively investigated in order to(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the angiogenic potential of 45S5 Bioglass. However, it is not known whether the angiogenic properties of Bioglass remain when the bioactive glass particles are incorporated into polymer composites. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the angiogenic properties of 45S5 Bioglass particles incorporated into(More)
The effects of poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds (foams) with or without brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on tissue sparing, neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and behavioral improvements of the hindlimbs following implantation in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord were studied. The foams were embedded in fibrin(More)