Véronique Laurence Karsegard

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INTRODUCTION This population study aimed to test the sensitivity and specificity of nutritional risk index (NRI), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and nutritional risk screening tool 2002 (NRS-2002) compared to subjective global assessment (SGA) and to evaluate the association between nutritional risk determined by these screening tools and(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate body composition parameters, including fat-free mass (FFM), appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASMM), relative skeletal muscle mass (RSM) index, body cell mass (BCM), BCM index, total body potassium (TBK), fat mass, percentage fat mass (FM), and their differences between age groups and to evaluate the frequency of sarcopenia in(More)
Summary:Patients with hematological malignancies are well nourished prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). HSCT and associated complications can affect body composition. The study evaluated cross-sectionally the prevalence and longitudinally the changes in lean body mass index (LBMI) in HSCT patients. Patients (n=82) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of an oral nutritional supplement enriched with two potentially immunostimulant compounds (arginine and omega-3 fatty acids) on the changes in food intake, body composition, immune parameters and viraemia in HIV-infected outpatients. DESIGN Six-month prospective randomized double-blind controlled study. SETTING(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Age-related changes of body composition affect health status. This study aims at clarifying body composition changes in healthy elderly subjects, and evaluating the impact of physical activity on these changes. METHODS In 1999, 213 subjects ≥ 65 years recruited through advertisements underwent assessment of health state, energy(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acceptability and intake of oral nutritional supplements are often suboptimal, partly because patients dislike flavour, texture or smell. We assessed the taste preferences about milk-based and fruit-juice typed supplements in malnourished in-patients. METHODS One hundred and nine in-patients requiring oral nutritional support were(More)
BACKGROUND Changes of body composition occur with aging and influence health status. Thus accurate methods for measuring fat-free mass (FFM) in the elderly are essential. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare FFM obtained by three bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) published formulas specific for the elderly and one equation intended for(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Weight measured by dual-energy X-ray (DXA) was shown to be increasingly underestimated in subjects over 75 kg compared to an electronic scale. This study compares body weight and composition measured by balance beam scale and three DXA acquisition modes in obese subjects. METHODS In 39 obese, body weight was measured by balance beam(More)
BACKGROUND A low or high body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased mortality risk in older subjects without taking fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) into account. This information is essential because FMI is modulated through different healthcare strategies than is FFMI. OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine the relation between(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Enteral nutrition (EN) is the preferred method of nutrition support in hospitalized patients but only 50-90% of the required calories are actually delivered. In order to identify where our nutrition support team (NST) should focus its activity, we prospectively evaluated the level of coverage of energy and protein needs during the first 5(More)