Véronique Dupouy

Learn More
We demonstrate using an in vitro pharmacodynamic model that the likelihood of selection of Escherichia coli mutants resistant to a fluoroquinolone was increased when the initial size of the bacterial population, exposed to fluoroquinolone concentrations within the mutant selection window, was increased.
The beta-lactam antibiotic ampicillin has a relatively poor oral bioavailability in animals and man (30-40%), and its widespread agricultural use in livestock may be contributing to the emergence of antibiotic resistance in the environment. The aim of this study was to define the absorption mechanism by which ampicillin crosses the small intestinal(More)
The pharmacokinetics of marbofloxacin was studied in eight healthy female Beagle dogs before and after moderate renal impairment was induced experimentally. A single intravenous (i.v.) administration and repeated administration for 8 days (2 mg/kg, once-a-day) of marbofloxacin were studied. Renal impairment was induced by a right kidney nephrectomy and(More)
We compared the prevalence of pathogenic and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) - producing Escherichia coli in effluents of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) receiving wastewater from a slaughterhouse. A total of 1248 isolates were screened for the presence of virulence genes associated with enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) (stx1, stx2,(More)
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) receiving effluents from food-producing animals and humans may contribute to the spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-carrying plasmids. This study was designed to investigate extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli strains, CTX-M distributions and the genetic lineage of blaCTX-M -carrying(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of three ampicillin dosage regimens on ampicillin resistance among Enterobacteriaceae recovered from swine feces by use of phenotypic and genotypic approaches. Phenotypically, ampicillin resistance was determined from the percentage of resistant Enterobacteriaceae and MICs of Escherichia coli isolates. The pool(More)
The aim of this study was to assess cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 expression in skeletal muscle after an ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to unilateral hindlimb ischemia for 2 h and then euthanized after 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 24, and 72 h of reperfusion. The COX protein and mRNA were assessed in control and injured(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the dynamics of the development of resistance in fecal Escherichia coli populations during treatment with ampicillin for 7 days in pigs. Before treatment, only 6% of the isolates were ampicillin resistant, whereas more than 90% of the isolates were resistant after days 4 and 7 of treatment. Ampicillin-resistant E. coli(More)
In the context of requested decrease of antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine, our objective was to assess the impact of two doses of marbofloxacin administered on young bulls (YBs) and veal calves (VCs) treated for bovine respiratory disease, on the total population of Enterobacteriaceae in gut flora and on the emergence of resistant Enterobacteriaceae.(More)
  • 1