Véronique Cheynier

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Grapevine (Vitis vinifera) proanthocyanidins contribute to plant defense mechanisms against biotic stress and also play a critical role in organoleptic properties of wine. In grapevine berry, these compounds are mainly accumulated in exocarps and seeds in the very early stages of development. A previous study has already identified VvMybPA1 as the first(More)
Flavonoids protect plants against various biotic and abiotic stresses, and their occurrence in human diet participates in preventing degenerative diseases. Many of the biological roles of flavonoids are attributed to their potential cytotoxicity and antioxidant abilities. Flavonoid oxidation contributes to these chemical and biological properties and can(More)
The combination of QTL mapping studies of synthetic lines and association mapping studies of natural diversity represents an opportunity to throw light on the genetically based variation of quantitative traits. With the positional information provided through quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping, which often leads to wide intervals encompassing numerous(More)
Optimization of polyphenol extraction from grape skin, seed, and pulp was performed on Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot Noir, by response surface methodology using a Doehlert design. An acidified mixture of acetone/water/methanol was the best solvent for simultaneous extraction of major polyphenol groups from all berry parts, while optimum extraction times and(More)
Dietary polyphenols show a great diversity of structures, ranging from rather simple molecules (monomers and oligomers) to polymers. Higher-molecular-weight structures (with molecular weights of > 500) are usually designated as tannins, which refers to their ability to interact with proteins. Among them, condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins) are(More)
In cells, anthocyanin pigments are synthesized at the cytoplasmic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum, and are then transported and finally accumulated inside the vacuole. In Vitis vinifera (grapevine), two kinds of molecular actors are putatively associated with the vacuolar sequestration of anthocyanins: a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and two(More)
The health effects of dietary polyphenols might be explained by both intact compounds and their metabolites formed either in the tissues or in the colon by the microflora. The quantitative importance and biological activities of the microbial metabolites have seldom been examined in vivo. We measured the microbial metabolites formed in four groups of rats(More)
Land-adapted plants appeared between about 480 and 360 million years ago in the mid-Palaeozoic era, originating from charophycean green algae. The successful adaptation to land of these prototypes of amphibious plants - when they emerged from an aquatic environment onto the land - was achieved largely by massive formation of "phenolic UV light screens". In(More)
A new class of stable red pigments detected in grape pomace was analysed by electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. They were shown to be pyruvic acid derivatives of genuine grape anthocyanins by synthesis experiments. The major product was identified by NMR (1H, NOE, HSQC, HMBC) experiments as the malvidin-3-monoglucoside pyruvic acid adduct. Its(More)
Anthocyanins are major pigments in colored grape (Vitis vinifera) berries, and most of them are monomethoxylated or dimethoxylated. We report here the functional characterization of an anthocyanin O-methyltransferase (AOMT) from grapevine. The expression pattern in two cultivars with different anthocyanin methylation profiles (Syrah and Nebbiolo) showed a(More)