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To investigate the mechanisms responsible for survival and apoptosis/anoikis in normal human intestinal epithelial crypt cells, we analyzed the roles of various signaling pathways and cell adhesion on the expression of six Bcl-2 homologs (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Mcl-1, Bax, Bak, Bad) in the well established HIEC-6 cell model. Pharmacological inhibitors and/or(More)
In human intestinal epithelial crypt (HIEC) cells, the PI3-K/Akt-1 pathway is crucial for the promotion of cell survival and suppression of anoikis. Class I PI3-K consists of a complex formed by a catalytic (C) and regulatory (R) subunit. Three R (p85α, β, and p55γ) and four C (p110α, β, γ and δ) isoforms are known. Herein, we analyzed the expression of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Little is known of the signaling events implicated in the induction of human enterocytic anoikis. In the present study, we analyzed the role of the stress-activated protein kinase p38 in this process. METHODS Anoikis was induced in undifferentiated and differentiated enterocytes by inhibition of focal adhesion kinase (Fak; pharmacologic(More)
We have shown previously that human intestinal epithelial cell survival and anoikis are distinctively regulated according to the state of differentiation. Here we analyzed the roles of protein kinase B/Akt isoforms in such differentiation state distinctions. Anoikis was induced in undifferentiated and differentiated enterocytes by inhibition of focal(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) plays a primary role in the process of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation. This posttranslational modification of nuclear proteins is activated in response to DNA damage. Having been studied for more than 30 years, PARP-1 is now known to be implicated in several crucial cellular processes: DNA replication, transcription, DNA(More)
Human intestinal epithelial cell survival and anoikis are distinctively regulated according to the state of differentiation. In the present study, we analyzed the roles of focal adhesion kinase (Fak)/Src signaling to the PI3-K/Akt-1 and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK)/extracellular regulated kinases (Erk) pathways, within the context of such(More)
The molecular determinants which dictate survival and apoptosis/anoikis in human intestinal crypt cells remain to be fully understood. To this effect, the roles of β1 integrin/Fak/Src signaling to the PI3-K/Akt-1, MEK/Erk, and p38 pathways, were investigated. The regulation of six Bcl-2 homologs (Bcl-2, Mcl-1, Bcl-XL, Bax, Bak, Bad) was likewise analyzed.(More)
Regulation of anoikis in human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) implicates differentiation state-specific mechanisms. Human IECs express distinct repertoires of integrins according to their state of differentiation. Therefore, we investigated whether α2β1, α3β1, α5β1, and α6β4 integrins perform differentiation state-specific roles in the suppression of(More)
We have shown previously that the promotion of myofiber survival by the basement membrane component merosin (laminin-2 [alpha2beta1gamma1]/laminin-4 [alpha2beta2gamma1]) is dependent on the activity of the tyrosine kinase Fyn, whereas myofiber anoikis induced by merosin deficiency is dependent on the stress-activated protein kinase p38alpha. To further(More)