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Previous microarray studies on breast cancer identified multiple tumour classes, of which the most prominent, named luminal and basal, differ in expression of the oestrogen receptor alpha gene (ER). We report here the identification of a group of breast tumours with increased androgen signalling and a 'molecular apocrine' gene expression profile. Tumour(More)
Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) used to detect minor changes in specific mRNA concentrations may be associated with poor reproducibility. Stringent quality control is therefore essential at each step of the protocol, including the PCR procedure. We performed inter-laboratory quality control of quantitative PCR between(More)
To better understand the relationship between tumor-host interactions and the efficacy of chemotherapy, we have developed an analytical approach to quantify several biological processes observed in gene expression data sets. We tested the approach on tumor biopsies from individuals with estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer treated with chemotherapy. We(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously described gene-expression signatures that predict growth inhibitory and cytotoxic effects of common chemotherapeutic drugs in vitro. The aim of this study was to confirm the validity of these gene-expression signatures in a large series of patients with oestrogen-receptor-negative breast tumours who were treated in a phase III(More)
BACKGROUND TP53 has a crucial role in the DNA damage response. We therefore tested the hypothesis that taxanes confer a greater advantage than do anthracyclines on breast cancers with mutated TP53 than in those with wild-type TP53. METHODS In an open-label, phase 3 study, women (age <71 years) with locally advanced, inflammatory, or large operable breast(More)
PURPOSE To study interactions between disease-free survival (DFS) and four components of the plasminogen activator system: urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), its two inhibitors (PAI-1 and PAI-2), and its membrane receptor uPAR. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of 499 primary breast cancer patients (median follow-up, 6(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic value of uPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 mRNA expression was studied in a retrospective series of 130 primary breast cancer patients (median follow-up 8.1 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS UPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 mRNA were quantified by means of real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Comparison with the corresponding protein levels determined by ELISA was(More)
Cytogenetic and molecular studies have suggested that the 3p14.2 chromosome subband contains tumor suppressor genes involved in the pathogenesis of many types of human cancers. Recently, the FHIT (fragile histidine triad) gene was identified in this part of chromosome 3 as a candidate suppressor gene, and abnormal transcripts of this gene have been observed(More)
Today radiology is an essential step in the pathological analysis of breast biopsies. It is determinant at each stage of the management of non palpable lesions, clusters of microcalcifications and opacities, whether this concerns the needle biopsy or the surgical excision. Firstly, an X-ray is necessary to ensure that the core needle biopsy specimen has(More)
Flat epithelial atypia (FEA) is a borderline lesion that might represent an early stage in the development of certain low-grade carcinomas in situ and invasive cancers. There are no guidelines on its management. Our objectives were to determine the upgrade to malignancy rate and identify a subpopulation of patients that might undergo just mammographic(More)