Véronique Avettand-Fènoël

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"HIV controllers" (HICs) are rare individuals in whom HIV-1 plasma viral load remains undetectable without antiretroviral treatment. This spontaneous viral control in HICs is usually associated to strong functional HIV-specific CD8(+) T cell responses. Accordingly, we have recently shown that CD8(+) T cells from HICs strongly suppress ex vivo HIV-1(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize viro-immunological outcomes following long-term combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) initiated during primary HIV infection (PHI) or chronic HIV infection (CHI) and to identify factors predictive of optimal viro-immunological responder (OVIR) status. METHODS This was a prospective, single-centre cohort study of HIV-1-infected(More)
BACKGROUND The immune deficiency of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is not fully corrected with ARV therapy. Interleukin-7 (IL-7) can boost CD4 T-cell counts, but optimal dosing and mechanisms of cellular increases need to be defined. METHODS We performed a randomized placebo-controlled dose escalation (10, 20 and 30 µg/kg) trial of 3 weekly(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic control of HIV replication reduces the size of the viral reservoir, particularly among central memory CD4+ T cells, and this effect might be accentuated by early treatment. METHODS We examined the effect of ART initiated at the time of the primary HIV infection (early ART), lasting 2 and 6 years in 11 and 10 patients, respectively,(More)
BACKGROUND To analyze the time trends of the viral subtype distributions according to gender, risk group, and geographical origin of the patients in 1128 primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection (PHI), diagnosed in France (1996-2010). To study whether the viral diversity had an impact on the virological and immunological responses in patients(More)
Optimizing therapeutic strategies for an HIV cure requires better understanding the characteristics of early HIV-1 spread among resting CD4+ cells within the first month of primary HIV-1 infection (PHI). We studied the immune distribution, diversity, and inducibility of total HIV-DNA among the following cell subsets: monocytes, peripheral blood activated(More)
Two of the crucial aspects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are (i) viral persistence in reservoirs (precluding viral eradication) and (ii) chronic inflammation (directly associated with all-cause morbidities in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-controlled HIV-infected patients). The objective of the present study was to assess the potential(More)
Some HIV controllers (HICs) experience CD4+T cell count loss and/or lose their ability to control HIV. In this study, we investigated the rate of immunologic and/or virologic progression (ImmP/VirP) and its determinants in the ANRS CO21/CODEX cohort. Immunologic progression was defined as a lasting fall in CD4+T cell count below 350/mm(3) or more than(More)
BACKGROUND Dolutegravir is a powerful, well-tolerated integrase inhibitor with a high genetic barrier to resistance and may thus constitute the backbone of lightened regimens. METHODS This was a monocentric, retrospective study. HIV-1-infected patients receiving dolutegravir as monotherapy (mDGV) or dual therapy (dDGV) were systematically identified. The(More)