Véronique Avéttand-Fénoël

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"HIV controllers" (HICs) are rare individuals in whom HIV-1 plasma viral load remains undetectable without antiretroviral treatment. This spontaneous viral control in HICs is usually associated to strong functional HIV-specific CD8(+) T cell responses. Accordingly, we have recently shown that CD8(+) T cells from HICs strongly suppress ex vivo HIV-1(More)
BACKGROUND The immune deficiency of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is not fully corrected with ARV therapy. Interleukin-7 (IL-7) can boost CD4 T-cell counts, but optimal dosing and mechanisms of cellular increases need to be defined. METHODS We performed a randomized placebo-controlled dose escalation (10, 20 and 30 µg/kg) trial of 3 weekly(More)
HIV-1 diagnosis in babies born to seropositive mothers is one of the challenges of HIV epidemics in children. A simple, rapid protocol was developed for quantifying HIV-1 DNA in whole blood samples and was used in the ANRS French pediatric cohort in conditions of prevention of mother-to-child transmission. A quantitative HIV-1 DNA protocol (LTR real-time(More)
BACKGROUND To analyze the time trends of the viral subtype distributions according to gender, risk group, and geographical origin of the patients in 1128 primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection (PHI), diagnosed in France (1996-2010). To study whether the viral diversity had an impact on the virological and immunological responses in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic control of HIV replication reduces the size of the viral reservoir, particularly among central memory CD4+ T cells, and this effect might be accentuated by early treatment. METHODS We examined the effect of ART initiated at the time of the primary HIV infection (early ART), lasting 2 and 6 years in 11 and 10 patients, respectively,(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize viro-immunological outcomes following long-term combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) initiated during primary HIV infection (PHI) or chronic HIV infection (CHI) and to identify factors predictive of optimal viro-immunological responder (OVIR) status. METHODS This was a prospective, single-centre cohort study of HIV-1-infected(More)
Two of the crucial aspects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are (i) viral persistence in reservoirs (precluding viral eradication) and (ii) chronic inflammation (directly associated with all-cause morbidities in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-controlled HIV-infected patients). The objective of the present study was to assess the potential(More)
CD8(+) T cell responses are thought to play an important role during HIV infection, particularly in HIV controllers (HIC) in whom viral replication is spontaneously controlled without any treatment. We have demonstrated that CD8(+) T cells from these subjects are able to suppress viral replication in vitro. In parallel, HIV-specific CD8(+) responses were(More)
Although subtype B strains are still predominant in France, non-B viruses have been isolated from 26% of patients with a primary HIV-1 infection in 2005-2006. The objective of this study was to characterize recombinant-HIV-1 strains by a subtyping based on the phylogenetic analysis of both pol and env sequences. We studied 591 patients who were part of the(More)
We report the first prospective study describing the prevalence and clinical consequences of norovirus infection in hospitalized children with primary immunodeficiencies. Fecal samples from 62 children were systematically screened for virus. Norovirus was the most frequent pathogen (11 of 24 positive samples) found in both combined and humoral(More)