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During a survey of bacterial agents that cause subclinical mastitis in water buffalos, we isolated several strains of gram-positive cocci that appeared to be enterococci except that they grew very slowly at 45 degrees C and grew slowly in broth containing 6.5% NaCl. On the basis of the results of conventional physiologic tests, these strains were identified(More)
Resistance traits and the presence of enterotoxin-encoding genes were investigated in staphylococcus isolates obtained from expressed human breast milk. A total of 54 staphylococcal isolates identified as Staphylococcus epidermidis (53.6 %), Staphylococcus warneri (20.4 %), Staphylococcus haemolyticus (13 %) and Staphylococcus aureus (13 %) were(More)
We noted that a number of enterococcal strains isolated from human clinical specimens resembled Enterococcus faecium but were able to produce acid from glycerol, raffinose, and/or sorbitol, while others failed to form acid from mannitol. An additional concern was that many of these strains with atypical phenotypic characteristics also appeared to acquire(More)
The phenotypic and genotypic characterization of five clinical isolates of Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides associated with nosocomially acquired urinary tract infections is described. All the strains were susceptible to chloramphenicol, clindamycin, erythromycin, gentamicin, and tetracycline; all were resistant to nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, and(More)
This study presents phenotypic and genotypic data for seven isolates of Vagococcus fluvialis, including four strains recovered from human clinical sources, one strain isolated from an environmental source, and two strains isolated from pigs. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, most isolates were initially classified as "unidentified enterococci,"(More)
We analyse the diversity of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), antibiotic resistance genes, and plasmid content among Escherichia coli from a community and a hospital setting in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ESBL producers (CTX-M-2, CTX-M-9, CTX-M-59) belonged to different phylogroups/sequence types, and bla(CTX-M) were identified in IncA/C plasmids,(More)
Exosubstances (cohemolysins) produced by Streptococcus agalactiae (CAMP-factor) and Streptococcus uberis (Uberis-factor) showing hemolytic synergism with beta-lysin produced by Staphylococcus aureus were compared. Cohemolytic activity was evaluated in the supernatants of bacterial cultures, before and after ammonium sulfate precipitation. Sheep erythrocytes(More)
Knowledge about the virulence mechanisms of species from the Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) is still limited. The genomovar heterogeneity and production of different virulence factors are likely to contribute to the variation in the clinical outcome observed in BCC-infected cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Therefore, in this study we investigated the(More)
A case of a post-surgical patient who developed a fatal bloodstream infection caused by high-level vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus gallinarum is reported. The isolate was found to carry both the vanC1 and vanA genes. This is the first report of an invasive infection associated with a vanA E. gallinarum isolate in Brazil.