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Listeria monocytogenes is an important food-borne pathogen whose ability to form disinfectant-tolerant biofilms on a variety of surfaces presents a food safety challenge for manufacturers of ready-to-eat products. We developed here a high-throughput biofilm assay for L. monocytogenes and, as a proof of principle, used it to screen an 80-compound protein(More)
Changes in retinal blood vessel features are precursors of serious diseases such as cardiovascular disease and stroke. Therefore, analysis of retinal vascular features can assist in detecting these changes and allow the patient to take action while the disease is still in its early stages. Automation of this process would help to reduce the cost associated(More)
Given a pairwise dissimilarity matrix D of a set of n objects, visual methods (such as VAT) for cluster tendency assessment generally represent D as an n × n image I(˜ D) where the objects are reordered to reveal hidden cluster structure as dark blocks along the diagonal of the image. A major limitation of such methods is the inability to highlight cluster(More)
Biofilms cause up to 80% of infections and are difficult to treat due to their substantial multidrug resistance compared to their planktonic counterparts. Based on the observation that human peptide LL-37 is able to block biofilm formation at concentrations below its MIC, we screened for small peptides with antibiofilm activity and identified novel(More)
Retinal arteriovenous nicking (AV nicking) is the phenomenon where the venule is compressed or decreases in its caliber at both sides of an arteriovenous crossing. Recent research suggests that retinal AVN is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular diseases such as stroke. In this article, we propose a computer method for assessing the severity(More)
Retinal arteriovenous (AV) nicking is one of the prominent and significant microvascular abnormalities. It is characterized by the decrease in the venular caliber at both sides of an artery-vein crossing. Recent research suggests that retinal AV nicking is a strong predictor of eye diseases such as branch retinal vein occlusion and cardiovascular diseases(More)
We have evaluated double-stranded DNA separations in microfluidic devices which were designed to couple a sample preconcentration step based on isotachophoresis (ITP) with a zone electrophoretic (ZE) separation step as a method to increase the concentration limit of detection in microfluidic devices. Developed at ACLARA BioSciences, these LabCard trade mark(More)
Data clustering is a difficult and challenging task, especially when the hidden clusters are of different shapes and non-linearly separable in the input space. This paper addresses this problem by proposing a new method that combines a path-based dissimilarity measure and multi-dimensional scaling to effectively identify these complex separable structures.(More)
Current sanitation methods in the food industry are not always sufficient for prevention or dispersal of Listeria monocytogenes biofilms. Here, we determined if prevention of adherence or dispersal of existing biofilms could occur if biofilm matrix components were disrupted enzymatically. Addition of DNase during biofilm formation reduced attachment (<50%(More)
Disinfectant-tolerant Listeria monocytogenes biofilms can colonize surfaces that come into contact with food, leading to contamination and, potentially, food-borne illnesses. To better understand the process of L. monocytogenes biofilm formation and dispersal, we screened 1,120 off-patent FDA-approved drugs and identified several that modulate Listeria(More)