Uwe von Ahsen

Learn More
Bacteriophage therapy of bacterial infections has received renewed attention owing to the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. A side effect of many antibiotics as well as of phage therapy with lytic phage is the release of cell wall components, e.g., endotoxins of gram-negative bacteria, which mediate the general pathological aspects of(More)
The first complete nucleotide sequences of two lytic Staphylococcus aureus double stranded DNA phages, 44AHJD (16784 bp) and P68 (18227 bp), are reported. Both are small isometric phages, with short, non-contractile tails and a pre-neck appendage. Based on their morphology, their genome size, the similarity of the encoded gene products, the type of(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotics can interfere with RNA activity. Translation of RNA by the prokaryotic ribosome, self-splicing of group I introns, HIV replication and hammerhead ribozyme cleavage are inhibited by the aminoglycoside neomycin B. To explore the molecular basis by which small molecules such as antibiotics inhibit RNA function, we undertook an in vitro(More)
For the design of potent subunit vaccines, it is of paramount importance to identify all antigens immunologically recognized by a patient population infected with a pathogen. We have developed a rapid and efficient procedure to identify such commonly recognized antigens, and here we provide a comprehensive in vivo antigenic profile of Staphylococcus aureus,(More)
RNA can catalyse chemical reactions through its ability to fold into complex three-dimensional structures and to specifically bind small molecules and divalent metal ions. The 2'-hydroxyl groups of the ribose moieties contribute to this exceptional reactivity of RNA, compared to DNA. RNA is not only able to catalyse phosphate ester transfer reactions in(More)
When present in high copy number plasmids, the nuclear genes MRS3 and MRS4 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae can suppress the mitochondrial RNA splicing defects of several mit- intron mutations. Both genes code for closely related proteins of about Mr 32,000; they are 73% identical. Sequence comparisons indicate that MRS3 and MRS4 may be related to the family(More)
We describe a fast and simple one-step affinity-purification method for the isolation of specific RNA-binding proteins. An in vitro-transcribed hybrid RNA consisting of an aptamer sequence with high binding specificity to the antibiotic streptomycin and a putative protein-binding RNA sequence is incubated with crude extract. After complex formation, the(More)
Aminoglycoside inhibitors of translation have been shown previously to inhibit in vitro self-splicing by group I introns. Chemical probing of the phage T4-derived sunY intron shows that neomycin, streptomycin, and related antibiotics protected the N-7 position of G96, a universally conserved guanine in the binding site for the guanosine cofactor in the(More)
BACKGROUND The peptide antibiotic viomycin inhibits ribosomal protein synthesis, group I intron self-splicing and self-cleavage of the human hepatitis delta virus ribozyme. To understand the molecular basis of RNA binding and recognition by viomycin, we isolated a variety of novel viomycin-binding RNA molecules using in vitro selection. RESULTS More than(More)
It has been proposed that organic molecules related to known secondary metabolites have existed since the beginning of biochemical evolution and were present in primordial soups. Under primitive earth conditions certain of these molecules may have played roles as effectors in prebiotic reactions, especially those involving catalytic RNA (ribozymes). We(More)