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Localization of ASH1 mRNA to the distal cortex of daughter but not mother cells at the end of anaphase is responsible for the two cells' differential mating-type switching during the subsequent cell cycle. This localization depends on actin filaments and a type V myosin (She1/Myo4). The 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of ASH1 mRNA is reportedly capable of(More)
Previous studies suggest that the mechanism of action of the ribosome in translation involves crucial transfer RNA (tRNA)-ribosomal RNA (rRNA) interactions. Here, a selection scheme was developed to identify bases in 16S rRNA that are essential for tRNA binding to the P site of the small (30S) ribosomal subunit. Modification of the N-1 and N-2 positions of(More)
The discovery of catalytically active RNA has provided the basis for the evolutionary concept of an RNA world. It has been proposed that during evolution the functions of ancient catalytic RNA were modulated by low molecular weight effectors, related to antibiotics, present in the primordial soup. Antibiotics and RNA may have coevolved in the formation of(More)
We describe a fast and simple one-step affinity-purification method for the isolation of specific RNA-binding proteins. An in vitro-transcribed hybrid RNA consisting of an aptamer sequence with high binding specificity to the antibiotic streptomycin and a putative protein-binding RNA sequence is incubated with crude extract. After complex formation, the(More)
Aminoglycoside inhibitors of translation have been shown previously to inhibit in vitro self-splicing by group I introns. Chemical probing of the phage T4-derived sunY intron shows that neomycin, streptomycin, and related antibiotics protected the N-7 position of G96, a universally conserved guanine in the binding site for the guanosine cofactor in the(More)
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