Uwe Wendling

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Cell death induced by tumour-necrosis-factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) was believed to occur exclusively in tumour cells, suggesting that this drug is safe to use as an antitumour therapy. Concerns were raised, however, when cultured normal human hepatocytes were shown to be susceptible to TRAIL. Here we report that TRAIL induces apoptosis(More)
Immunization with Mycobacterium tuberculosis heat shock protein (hsp) 60 has been shown to protect rats from experimental arthritis. Previously, the protection-inducing capacity was shown to reside in the evolutionary conserved parts of the molecule. Now we have studied the nature of the arthritis suppressive capacity of a distinct, antigenically unrelated(More)
Deletion of T cells due to apoptosis induction is a regulatory mechanism in the human immune system that may be impaired in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Involvement of the apoptosis-mediating CD95/CD95 ligand system in MS has been demonstrated. Here, we report that (auto)antigen-specific human T cells are not killed in vitro by(More)
Bacterial heat shock proteins (hsp) are evolutionary conserved immunodominant proteins that manifest amino acid homologies with hsp present in mammalian cells. Preimmunization with mycobacterial hsp65 has been found to protect against various forms of experimental arthritis. As these protective effects have previously been attributed to induction of self(More)
MHC encoded DM heterodimers and classical MHC class II complexes meet in an endosomal/lysosomal compartment where DM heterodimers support peptide loading of MHC class II. Studies on peptide loading of rat class II and on peptide persistence in cells of the dendritic lineage prompted us to establish full length cDNA clones coding for the subunits alpha and(More)
Activated myelin-specific T cells are thought to mediate inflammatory tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). Applying a large panel of myelin antigens, we demonstrate the direct ex vivo detection of viable IFN-γ/TNF-α producing CD4+/CD69+ T cells 6 hours after antigenic challenge, by intracellular flow cytometry in 3/33 MS patients and 2/26 healthy(More)
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is a physiological cell suicide program mainly leading to selective elimination of useless cells. This mechanism is important for the homeostasis of the immune system and presumably plays a two-sided role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). On the one hand, evidence has been provided that impaired apoptosis(More)
Macrophages/microglia are the key effector cells in myelin removal. Differences exist in the amount and time course of myelin uptake in the central (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS), the basis of this difference, however, is not yet clarified. In the present experiments we studied the phagocytosis rate of CNS or PNS myelin by macrophages and(More)
Oral administration of E. coli extract OM-89 is used in treating RA. It has been shown that immune reactivity to heat-shock proteins (hsp) is involved in immunomodulation of arthritis. We evaluated the postulated presence and immunogenicity of hsp's in OM-89. The effects of OM-89 in experimental arthritis were analyzed. Proliferative T cell responses to(More)