Uwe K H Wiegand

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BACKGROUND Mechanisms favoring the occurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) are complex and poorly defined. This study was designed to analyze dynamic changes in autonomic tone preceding the onset of PAF in a large group of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Holter tapes from 77 unselected consecutive patients (63 men and 14 women aged 58+/-12 years)(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is a sensitive and specific marker, allowing the detection of even minor myocardial cell injury. In patients with severe pulmonary embolism (PE), myocardial ischemia may lead to progressive right ventricular dysfunction. It was therefore the purpose of this study to test the presence of cTnT and its prognostic(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of clarity concerning the effect of anxiety on the course of cardiac events following myocardial infarction. Some studies have identified anxiety as a risk factor for further cardiac events. However, it is also considered to be a protective factor, as a higher level of anxiety may improve patient compliance and regular medical(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of defibrillation shocks on cardiac and circulating catecholamines. DESIGN Prospective examination of myocardial catecholamine balance during dc shock by simultaneous determination of arterial and coronary sinus plasma concentrations. Internal countershocks (10-34 J) were applied in 30 patients after initiation of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased cardiac troponins in blood are observed after virtually every open heart surgery, indicating perioperative myocardial cell injury. We sought to determine the optimum time point for blood sampling and the respective cutoff value of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) for risk assessment in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS In a series(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal heart rate turbulence (HRT) is associated with an increased risk of mortality in the chronic phase of myocardial infarction (MI) in the prethrombolytic and thrombolytic eras. However, the impact of direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on HRT in the acute phase of MI and its association to the epicardial infarct-related(More)
BACKGROUND Complete coronary artery reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been shown to significantly improve survival. Electrical stability may be the decisive mechanism for this beneficial effect. Because electrical stability is largely dependent on ventricular repolarization, we sought to determine the impact of a modern reperfusion(More)
OBJECTIVES Biventricular pacing acutely improves left ventricular function in patients with heart failure and left ventricular dyssynchrony. Pressure-volume loop analysis has shown acute perioperative hemodynamic benefits of biventricular pacing immediately after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, but(More)
INTRODUCTION Sophisticated monitoring of atrial activity is a prerequisite for modern pacemaker therapy. Ideally, near-fields and ventricular far-fields ought to be distinguished by beat-to-beat template analysis of the atrial signal. A prerequisite is that atrial signals are stable under different conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS A Matlab routine was(More)