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BACKGROUND Mechanisms favoring the occurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) are complex and poorly defined. This study was designed to analyze dynamic changes in autonomic tone preceding the onset of PAF in a large group of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Holter tapes from 77 unselected consecutive patients (63 men and 14 women aged 58+/-12 years)(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of clarity concerning the effect of anxiety on the course of cardiac events following myocardial infarction. Some studies have identified anxiety as a risk factor for further cardiac events. However, it is also considered to be a protective factor, as a higher level of anxiety may improve patient compliance and regular medical(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is a sensitive and specific marker, allowing the detection of even minor myocardial cell injury. In patients with severe pulmonary embolism (PE), myocardial ischemia may lead to progressive right ventricular dysfunction. It was therefore the purpose of this study to test the presence of cTnT and its prognostic(More)
AIMS To evaluate the utility of intrathoracic impedance monitoring for detecting heart failure (HF) deterioration in patients with an implanted cardiac resynchronization/defibrillation device. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients enrolled in the European InSync Sentry Observational Study were audibly alerted by a device algorithm if a decrease in intrathoracic(More)
BACKGROUND Increased cardiac troponins in blood are observed after virtually every open heart surgery, indicating perioperative myocardial cell injury. We sought to determine the optimum time point for blood sampling and the respective cutoff value of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) for risk assessment in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS In a series(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of defibrillation shocks on cardiac and circulating catecholamines. DESIGN Prospective examination of myocardial catecholamine balance during dc shock by simultaneous determination of arterial and coronary sinus plasma concentrations. Internal countershocks (10-34 J) were applied in 30 patients after initiation of(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal heart rate turbulence (HRT) is associated with an increased risk of mortality in the chronic phase of myocardial infarction (MI) in the prethrombolytic and thrombolytic eras. However, the impact of direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on HRT in the acute phase of MI and its association to the epicardial infarct-related(More)
AIMS Implantation of single-lead VDD pacemakers is an established alternative to DDD pacing in patients with atrioventricular block. This study compares the long-term costs of both systems. METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred and sixty patients with atrioventricular block received VDD or DDD pacemakers in alternating order. Primary costs of implantation(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) elevations on admission indicate a high-risk subgroup of patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This finding has been attributed to less effective reperfusion after thrombolytic therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the role of admission cTnT on the efficacy of percutaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Complete coronary artery reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been shown to significantly improve survival. Electrical stability may be the decisive mechanism for this beneficial effect. Because electrical stability is largely dependent on ventricular repolarization, we sought to determine the impact of a modern reperfusion(More)