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The purpose of this study was to analyse the radiation exposure of medical staff from interventional x-ray procedures. Partial-body dose measurements were performed with thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) in 39 physicians and nine assistants conducting 73 interventional procedures of nine different types in 14 hospitals in Germany. Fluoroscopy time and the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate absolute radiation exposure values and factors that influence radiation exposure of interventionists during CT-guided interventions (CTGIs). To our knowledge, no data exist regarding the radiation dose to which the interventionist is exposed during these procedures. METHODS Absolute(More)
In order to secure and continually improve radiation protection standards in the field of medical X-ray imaging, the German X-Ray Ordinance requires that each individual examination be properly justified and that any procedure undertaken be optimized. Diagnostic reference levels have been introduced in Germany as a measure of optimization for common and/or(More)
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