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Plant genes that contain the G-box in their promoters are responsive to a variety of environmental stimuli. Bioinformatics analysis of transcriptome data revealed that the G-box element is significantly enriched in promoters of high light-responsive genes. From nuclear extracts of high light-treated Arabidopsis plants, we identified the AtbZIP16(More)
The three-dimensional structure of four malate dehydrogenases (MDH) from thermophilic and mesophilic phototropic bacteria have been determined by X-ray crystallography and the corresponding structures compared. In contrast to the dimeric quaternary structure of most MDHs, these MDHs are tetramers and are structurally related to tetrameric malate(More)
Six designed mutants of T4 lysozyme were created in an attempt to create putative salt bridges on the surface of the protein. The first three of the mutants, T115E (Thr 115 to Glu), Q123E, and N144E, were designed to introduce a new charged side chain close to one or more existing charged groups of the opposite sign on the surface of the protein. In each of(More)
Bacteriophage T4 lysozyme is a basic molecule with an isoelectric point above 9.0, and an excess of nine positive charges at neutral pH. It might be expected that it would be energetically costly to bring these out-of-balance charges from the extended, unfolded, form of the protein into the compact folded state. To determine the contribution of such(More)
Infection by the human bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is mainly controlled by the positive regulatory factor A (PrfA), a member of the Crp/Fnr family of transcriptional activators. Published data suggest that PrfA requires the binding of a cofactor for full activity, and it was recently proposed that glutathione (GSH) could fulfill this function.(More)
MOTIVATION Order and Disorder prediction using Conditional Random Fields (OnD-CRF) is a new method for accurately predicting the transition between structured and mobile or disordered regions in proteins. OnD-CRF applies CRFs relying on features which are generated from the amino acids sequence and from secondary structure prediction. Benchmarking results(More)
The bi-functional protein dimerization cofactor of HNF1 (DCoH)/pterin-4 alpha-carbinolamine dehydratase (PCD) is found in liver cell nuclei bound to the transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 (HNF1) as well as in the cytoplasm acting as an enzyme involved in the phenylalanine hydroxylation system. Deficiency of DCoH/PCD activity in liver causes an(More)
The bifunctional protein pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase (PCD)/dimerization cofactor of HNF1 (DCoH) is a cytoplasmic enzyme involved in the tetrahydrobiopterin regeneration and is found in complex with the transcription factor HNF1 in liver cell nuclei. An atypical hyperphenylalaninemia and the depigmentation disorder vitiligo are related to a(More)
Threonine 59, a helix-capping residue at the amino terminus of the longest helix in T4 phage lysozyme, was substituted with valine, alanine, glycine, serine, asparagine, and aspartic acid. The valine, alanine, and glycine replacements were observed to be somewhat more destabilizing than serine, asparagine, and aspartic acid. The crystal structures of the(More)
It is known that the DNA binding Runt domain of the AML1/Runx1 transcription factor coordinates Cl(-) ions. In this paper we have determined Cl(-) binding affinities of AML1 by (35)Cl nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) linewidth analysis. The Runt domain binds Cl(-) with a dissociation constant (K(d,Cl)) of 34 mM. If CBFbeta is added to form a 1:1 complex,(More)