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Learning a motor skill involves a latent process of consolidation that develops after training to enhance the skill in the absence of any practice and crucially depends on sleep. Here, we show that this latent consolidation during sleep changes the brain representation of the motor skill by reducing overall the neocortical contributions to the(More)
To evaluate the critical range of the patellofemoral joint motion from 30 degrees of knee flexion to full extension, motion-triggered cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed during active extension in 13 patients with confirmed patellar maltracking and 15 healthy subjects. Cine MR images were compared with static MR images obtained during(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled transcranial stimulation of the brain is part of clinical treatment strategies in neuropsychiatric diseases such as depression, stroke, or Parkinson's disease. Manipulating brain activity by transcranial stimulation, however, inevitably influences other control centers of various neuronal and neurohormonal feedback loops and therefore(More)
Cerebral insulin exerts anorexic effects in humans and animals. The underlying mechanisms, however, are not clear. Because insulin physiologically facilitates glucose uptake by most tissues of the body and thereby fosters intracellular energy supply, we hypothesized that intranasal insulin reduces food consumption via enhancement of the neuroenergetic(More)
We investigated the modulation of cerebellar activation by predictive and non-predictive sequential finger movements. It is hypothesized that the prediction of desired movement sequences and adaptation to new movement parameters is mediated by the cerebellum. Using functional MRI at 1.5 T, seven normal subjects performed sequential finger to thumb(More)
Brain energy consumption induced by electrical stimulation increases systemic glucose tolerance in normal-weight men. In obesity, fundamental reductions in brain energy levels, gray matter density, and cortical metabolism, as well as chronically impaired glucose tolerance, suggest that disturbed neuroenergetic regulation may be involved in the development(More)
Activation of the ipsilateral anterior lobe of the cerebellum by means of hand movements by humans is a well-known phenomenon, but the cerebellar encoding of sensory information has not been well established. The authors delineated the representation of sensory stimulation of fingers in the anterior lobe of the cerebellum using functional magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND Cortical epidural stimulation is used for the treatment of different neuropsychiatric disorders such as chronic neuropathic pain, tinnitus, movement disorders, and psychiatric diseases. While preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the imaging tool of choice for planning the approach and electrode placement, postoperative MRI(More)
Intracranial lesions may compromise structures critical for motor performance, and mapping of the cortex, especially of the motor hand area, is important to reduce postoperative morbidity. We investigated nine patients with parietal lobe tumours and used functional MRI sensitized to changes in blood oxygenation to define the different motor areas,(More)