Uwe Firzlaff

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UNLABELLED This paper presents a calculation of the head related transfer function (HRTF) for the frontal hemisphere of the phyllostomid bat Phyllostomus discolor using an acoustic field simulation tool based on the boundary element method. From the calculated HRTF results, binaural interaural intensity differences (IIDs) are derived. THE RESULTS Region(More)
Echolocating bats can identify three-dimensional objects exclusively through the analysis of acoustic echoes of their ultrasonic emissions. However, objects of the same structure can differ in size, and the auditory system must achieve a size-invariant, normalized object representation for reliable object recognition. This study describes both the(More)
Bats quickly navigate through a highly structured environment relying on echolocation. Large natural objects in the environment, like bushes or trees, produce complex stochastic echoes, which can be characterized by the echo roughness. Previous work has shown that bats can use echo roughness to classify the stochastic properties of natural objects. This(More)
Responses of neurons to apparent auditory motion in the azimuth were recorded in three different fields of auditory cortex of the rufous horseshoe bat. Motion was simulated using successive stimuli with dynamically changing interaural intensity differences presented via earphones. Seventy-one percent of sampled neurons were motion-direction-sensitive. Two(More)
The head-related transfer function (HRTF) has been measured in two CF/FM bats, Pteronotus parnellii and Rhinolophus rouxi from 575 positions in the frontal hemisphere. P. parnellii showed an increase of the elevation angle of the axis of highest pinna gain with increasing frequency followed by a specific decrease at 75 kHz. Such a drop of elevation angle of(More)
Enkephalin (ENK) immunoreactivity was localised in different neuronal subpopulations of the myenteric plexus in the guinea-pig gastric fundus using immunohistochemistry for neurone-specific enolase (NSE), ENK, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), substance P (SP), neuropeptide Y (NPY), calretinin (CALRET), and somatostatin (SOM). NADPH-diaphorase staining was(More)
The directional dependence of sound pressure transformation of head and pinna has been measured in the phyllostomid bat Phyllostomus discolor for the frontal hemisphere using a maximum length sequence method. The azimuthal position of the axis of highest pinna gain came closer to the midsagital plane with increasing frequency. The acoustic axis of highest(More)
BACKGROUND Many bats vocalizing through their nose carry a prominent noseleaf that is involved in shaping the emission beam of these animals. To our knowledge, the exact role of these appendages has not been thoroughly investigated as for no single species both the hearing and the emission spatial sensitivities have been obtained. In this paper, we set out(More)
As opposed to visual imaging, biosonar imaging of spatial object properties represents a challenge for the auditory system because its sensory epithelium is not arranged along space axes. For echolocating bats, object width is encoded by the amplitude of its echo (echo intensity) but also by the naturally covarying spread of angles of incidence from which(More)
This study examined the influence of inhibition on motion-direction-sensitive responses of neurons in the dorsal fields of auditory cortex of the rufous horseshoe bat. Responses to auditory apparent motion stimuli were recorded extracellularly from neurons while microiontophoretically applying gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the GABAA receptor antagonist(More)