Uwe E. Ruhl

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BACKGROUND Previous research has suggested that abdominal obesity and mental disorders are associated. This paper was initiated to investigate associations between unfavourable waist circumference (WC) and mental disorders in a representative sample of German adults. METHODS 4181 individuals (aged 18-65 years) took part in a physical examination(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of data about drug use patterns in young women. Mental disorders may influence those drug use patterns. OBJECTIVE To evaluate drug use patterns (prescribed drugs, self-medication) in general and in relation to the prevalence rates of mental disorders in young German women. METHODS A total of 2064 women (18-24 y old), obtained(More)
BACKGROUND A systematic approach to examining associations among obesity and socio-demographic determinants, psychological problems, and mental disorders in epidemiological samples is missing. METHODS Within the representative German Health Interview and Examination Survey and its Mental Health Supplement (GHS-MHS), 4181 subjects (age 18-65 years) took(More)
To evaluate the prevalence of eating disorders (ED) in a general population sample of young German women, compare those to primary care diagnoses, and investigate their medical treatments. In a prospective epidemiological study, a representative sample of young women (n=1555, between 18 and 25 years of age) was questioned twice during a structured(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Even in young adult age, psychological disorders are highly prevalent. Family doctors and gynaecologists are the physicians most often consulted by young women. Hence, they have a special responsibility to diagnose psychiatric disorders and--if necessary--to refer to a specialist. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacists are often consulted as medical advisors. Given this case, customers and pharmacists should interact in a trustful way (eg, in terms of responding to customer's needs or recommending a different drug). Consideration of the health beliefs of the customer could improve the interaction between pharmacists and their clients and have a(More)
Anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED) are grouped together under the term eating disorders. Due to its typical onset in adolescence, AN in particular represents a frequent disorder with often an unfavourable course in this age range (Steinhausen 2002). The mental, social and physical consequences are serious. Research(More)
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence rates of Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADHD) and comorbidity in a representative sample of young women. Methods: 2064 young women, aged 18–25 years, living in Dresden (Germany), were interviewed with a structured psychological interview, F-DIPS, for diagnosing axis-I disorders according to DSM-IV (Diagnostic and(More)
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