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—Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are generally designed to support applications in long-term deployments, and thus WSN protocols are primarily designed to be energy efficient. However, the research community has recently explored new WSN applications such as industrial process automation. These mission-critical applications demand not only energy efficient(More)
A number of wireless sensor network (WSN) applications demand timely data delivery. However, existing WSNs are designed to conserve energy and not to support timely data transmission. This paper shows how WSNs can be dimensioned, deployed and operated such that both reliable and timely data delivery is ensured while scarce energy is preserved. The presented(More)
Conducting digital business requires secure network and application architectures. The recently increasing occurrence of severe attacks has shown, however, that we will still need quite some time and effort to reach security standards of IT systems alike the standard already usual in other fields. At present, there is a huge gap between theory and the code(More)
Industry recognizes wireless sensor networks as one of the next major technical and economical shifts in automation and control systems. Industrial applications need performance assurances of wireless communication, which is hard to attain given the variability of the environment where such applications are deployed. In this paper, we quantify the impact of(More)
A complete wireless sensor network solution for carpark management is presented in this paper. The system architecture and design are first detailed, followed by a description of the current working implementation, which is based on our DSYS25z sensing nodes. Results of a series of real experimental tests regarding connectivity, sensing and network(More)
Temperature is known to have a significant effect on the performance of radio transceivers: the higher the temperature , the lower the quality of links. Analysing this effect is particularly important in sensor networks because several applications are exposed to harsh environmental conditions. Daily or hourly changes in temperature can dramatically reduce(More)