Uttam Braino George

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BACKGROUND Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) remains the gold standard in the evaluation of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI), a relatively new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, exploits the magnetic susceptibility differences of various tissues, such as blood, iron and calcification. Earlier studies(More)
PURPOSE Meningiomas are the most common extraaxial intracranial type of tumor, and their management and prognosis depend on their grade and histology. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are two new imaging techniques that have proved helpful in elucidating the microarchitecture of brain tumors. The aim of the present study(More)
Retrorectal hamartomas or tail gut cysts are rare congenital anomalies most commonly seen in a retrorectal location; most common in middle aged women. This article describes the radiological appearance in two cases of tail gut cysts in males, one a child with a visible perianal swelling since birth and the other, a 72-year-old man with symptoms for one(More)
This essay illustrates the usefulness of MRI in evaluating perianal fistulas, a common disease, notorious for recurrence if not assessed and treated adequately. MRI exquisitely depicts the perianal anatomy and shows the fistulous tracks and their associated ramifications and abscesses. It thus provides an excellent preoperative understanding of the disease,(More)
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a headache syndrome with raised CSF pressure in the absence of an intracranial mass lesion. Though earlier confined to excluding intracranial lesions, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in recent years has been shown to identify intracranial changes from prolonged raised CSF pressure, suggestive of IIH. We present(More)
Caudal duplication syndrome includes anomalies of the genitourinary system, gastrointestinal tract, and the distal neural tube. Caudal regression syndrome presents with lumbosacral hypogenesis, anomalies of the lower gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary system, and limb anomalies. Both happen as a result of insult to the caudal cell mass. We present a(More)
Spontaneous rupture of the spleen usually occurs secondary to infection, hematological disorders or infiltrative lesions of the spleen. In patients with positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who present with acute abdomen, splenic rupture should be considered as a possible cause and should(More)