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The Raf protein kinases function downstream of Ras guanine nucleotide-binding proteins to transduce intracellular signals from growth factor receptors. Interaction with Ras recruits Raf to the plasma membrane, but the subsequent mechanism of Raf activation has not been established. Previous studies implicated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC) in Raf(More)
Expression of the v-fms oncogene of feline sarcoma virus in fibroblasts causes surface exposure of an activated receptor tyrosine kinase, v-Fms, that is autophosphorylated at multiple sites within its cytoplasmic domain. Cellular proteins interacting with this part of v-Fms modulate the mitogenic activity and morphology of the cells. We show here that the(More)
The serine/threonine protein kinase Raf-1 is a component of a conserved intracellular signaling cascade that controls responses to various extracellular stimuli. Transcription from several promoters, including the oncogene-responsive element in the polyomavirus enhancer, the c-fos promoter, as well as other AP-1- and Ets-dependent promoters, can be induced(More)
NotI linking clones, localized to the human chromosome 3p21.3 region and homozygously deleted in small cell lung cancer cell lines NCI-H740 and NCI-H1450, were used to search for a putative tumor suppressor gene(s). One of these clones, NL1G210, detected a 2.5-kb mRNA in all examined human tissues, expression being especially high in the heart and skeletal(More)
PC12 pheochromocytoma cells possess four known MEK activators: A-, B-, c-Raf-1 and MEKK. In order to examine whether differentiation factors or growth factors have a Raf isozyme preference for activation of the mitogenic cytoplasmic Raf-MEK-MAPK protein kinase cascade, the activation kinetics of these enzymes in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and(More)
Foamy viruses (FVs) express the Gag protein as a precursor with a molecular mass of 74 kDa (pr74) from which a 70-kDa protein (p70) is cleaved by the viral protease. To gain a better understanding of FV Gag protein processing and function, we have generated and analyzed mutants in the C-terminal gag region of an infectious molecular clone. Our results show(More)
NF-ATc, an inducibly expressed transcription factor, controls gene expression in T lymphocytes and cardiomyocytes. We show here that the transcriptional co-activators CBP/p300 bind to and control the activity of the inducible N-terminal transactivation domain of NF-ATc, TAD-A. Similar to the N terminal transactivation domain of c-Jun, TAD-A is inducibly(More)
Raf-1 belongs to a family of serine/threonine protein kinases which are highly conserved through evolution in multicellular organisms. Raf-1 kinase has gained much attention due to its function as a critical shuttle enzyme that connects stimulation of growth factor receptors and protein kinase C at the cell membrane to changes in the expression of genes(More)
The v-fms oncogene product of the McDonough strain of feline sarcoma virus is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family. Its cellular counterpart, the c-fms product, is the receptor for colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) of macrophages. We have reanalyzed the v-fms gene by direct sequencing of a biologically active clone. An additional A nucleotide(More)
The v-fms oncogene product encoded by the McDonough strain of feline sarcoma virus (SM-FeSV) is a transmembrane glycoprotein which belongs to the tyrosine kinase receptor family. The cellular counterpart, the c-fms product, is the receptor for macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF or CSF-1). The v-fms and the c-fms product differ structurally only in(More)