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UNLABELLED The alpha(v)beta3 integrins play an important role during tumor metastasis and tumor-induced angiogenesis. Targeting of this receptor may provide information about the receptor status of the tumor and enable specific therapeutic planning. Cyclo(-Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Val-) has been shown to be a selective alpha(v)beta3 integrin antagonist with high(More)
The isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from the blood of patients afflicted with solid malignant tumors becomes increasingly important as it may serve as a 'liquid biopsy' with the potential of monitoring the course of the cancer disease and its response to cancer therapy, with subsequent molecular characterization. For this purpose, we(More)
Extravasation and intravasation of solid malignant tumors is controlled by attachment of tumor cells to components of the basement membrane and the extracellular matrix, by local proteolysis and tumor cell migration. Strong clinical and experimental evidence has accumulated that the tumor-associated serine protease plasmin, its activator uPA (urokinase-type(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) recently emerged as a pro-metastatic factor highly associated with poor prognosis in a number of cancers. This correlation seemed paradox as TIMP-1 is best described as an inhibitor of pro-tumourigenic matrix metalloproteinases. Only recently, TIMP-1 has been revealed as a signalling molecule that can(More)
Vitronectin is an abundant adhesive glycoprotein in blood plasma and is found associated with different extracellular matrix sites, the vessel wall, and tumor cells, particularly upon tissue remodeling, injury/repair, or under disease conditions. Plasma vitronectin is a structurally labile molecule that may be converted into a multimeric/multivalent form by(More)
The relevance of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) type 1 in predicting the survival probability of patients with advanced ovarian cancer after radical surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy by assessing the patients' primary tumors has recently been shown by us (W. Kuhn et al., Gynecol. Oncol., 55: 401-409,(More)
Migration of cells requires interactions with the extracellular matrix mediated, in part, by integrins, proteases, and their receptors. Previous studies have shown that beta(3)-integrin interacts with the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (u-PAR) at the cell surface. Since integrins mediate signaling into the cell, the current study was(More)
Tumor cell migration and invasion into the surrounding tissue depend on the invasive capacity of cells leading to the loosening of cell-cell and cell-substratum contacts via cell surface associated proteolytic enzyme systems. Plasmin is one of the enzymes involved in these complex events. It is generated by the cleavage of the proenzyme plasminogen upon the(More)
During tumor metastasis, a fine-tuned balance between the formation and loosening of adhesive cell contacts has to occur, a process based on the regulated expression of integrins. Human ovarian OV-MZ-6 cancer cells express the integrin alpha(v)beta3, which associates with vitronectin (VN) and correlates with ovarian cancer progression. Adhesion and(More)
Ovarian cancer metastasis is associated with an increase in the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor uPAR. We present evidence that binding of uPA to uPAR provokes a mitogenic response in the human ovarian cancer cell line OV-MZ-6 in which endogenous uPA production had been significantly reduced by stable uPA 'antisense' transfection.(More)