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OBJECTIVE The goal was to test the hypothesis that abnormalities of gyrification are present in the prefrontal region of postmortem brains from schizophrenic patients. METHOD The authors compared the prefrontal regions in brains from 24 schizophrenic patients and 24 normal comparison subjects. The gyrification index, the ratio of inner and outer surface(More)
The planum temporale of the temporal cortex was investigated post-mortem in 24 schizophrenic patients and 24 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Schizophrenic patients demonstrated a 20% volume reduction of the left planum temporale (p = 0.032), whereas on the right side, there was a trend for increase in male schizophrenics (+22%, p = 0.17), while in(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors used magnetic resonance imaging to corroborate the postmortem finding of right frontal hypergyria associated with schizophrenia. METHOD Twelve affected-unaffected sibling pairs from families multiply affected with schizophrenia were studied. Bilateral measurement of the gyrification index, the ratio of the inner and outer surface(More)
Excess comorbidity between depression and epilepsy proposes common pathophysiological patterns in both disorders. Neuroendocrine abnormalities were often observed in depression as well as in epilepsy. Lack of inhibitory control of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenocortical (HPA) system is a core feature of depression; main relay stations of this system are(More)
Historical aspects of neuroanatomical schizophrenia research and recent findings in limbic and basal ganglia structures of schizophrenia are briefly reviewed. Then, results of volume measurements of these brain regions from 26 schizophrenics and 28 controls belonging to our new brain collection are presented. Volumes of the hippocampus, amygdala, stria(More)
BACKGROUND Hippocampal volume reduction is a well replicated finding in schizophrenia. Evidence indicates a contribution of genetic and environmental factors, especially the influence of obstetric complications to this volume reduction. The aim of this study was to compare hippocampal volume of schizophrenic patients as well as and their relatives with(More)
The sylvian fissure is known to be one of the most asymmetric structures of the human brain. Sylvian fissure length was measured in post-mortem brains of 35 schizophrenic patients and 33 matched non psychiatric control subjects. The schizophrenics showed a significantly reduced length of the left sylvian fissure (-16%, p less than 0.0001) compared to the(More)
Previous research demonstrated that depression is associated with hyperactivity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system after stimulation. There is also strong evidence that the modulation of corticosteroids in the brain induces memory dysfunction which represents core features of depression. Antidepressant treatment with serotonin(More)
Variant rs2522833 of the Piccolo-encoding gene PCLO has recently been found to be associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). PCLO encodes a presynaptic cytomatrix protein which influences monoamine neurotransmitter release. Piccolo could therefore play an important role in treatment response to antidepressant therapy and the improvement of alterations(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated neuroticism, depressive temperament and dysfunctional regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system are considered as risk factors for unipolar depression. An interaction of these vulnerability factors was suggested, but controversially discussed. In absence of other informative studies we set out for a replication(More)