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Investigations were focused on the development of a technology for phosphorus (P) recovery straight from wastewater. Facing the finiteness of the natural resources of this essential nutrient, the declared goal must be the sustainable use of available phosphorus sinks such as wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) for the generation of P rock substitutes. A(More)
The official OECD/EEC activated-sludge biodegradability simulation test has been criticised for providing a poor simulation of the biodegradability behaviour of industrial chemicals in municipal sewage treatment plants due to the high dosed concentration of test substance of approx. 20-40 mg/L necessitated by measuring compound removal by DOC-analysis.(More)
Seed induces and promotes the crystallization of calcium phosphate, and acts as carrier of the recovered phosphorus (P). In order to select suitable seed for P recovery from wastewater, three seeds including Apatite (AP), Juraperle (JP) and phosphate-modified Juraperle (M-JP) were tested and compared. Batch and fixed-bed column experiments of seeded(More)
The P-RoC process – the phosphorus recovery straight from the aqueous phase by crystallisation of calcium phosphate – was developed in order to simultaneously remove and recover phosphorus from municipal wasteand industrial process waters by applying calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) compounds or synthesised tobermorite pellets as crystallisation seed(More)
For phosphorus recovery from wastewater, the present paper aims at understanding the crystallization of calcium phosphate by using calcites (Juraperle and Coccolith) as seeds from hard water. Synthetic hard water with 60 mgCl(-1) carbonate and 10 mgPl(-1) phosphate was prepared and used in the batch experiments of calcite-seeded crystallization. The(More)
Laboratory long-term upstream fixed-bed experiments were carried out to investigate the efficiency of phosphorus elimination with the effluent of a biological sewage treatment plant using crushed gas concrete. The development of the pH-value in the column outflow as well as the reaction kinetics was investigated. Furthermore, the phosphorus yield was(More)
Biodegradation rate constants that are believed to be predictive for activated sludge sewage treatment plants have been determined at microgram/L concentration levels using short term (hours) laboratory scale batch experiments with activated sludge. Rate constants were estimated for four model chemicals with widely different biodegradability(More)
Phosphorus (P) recovery from waste water must become a predominant goal of all countries to face the limited resources of this essential nutrient. The induced crystallisation of calcium phosphates straight from the waste water phase applying tobermorite-rich calcium silicate hydrate compounds (CSH) from the construction industry as the trigger material has(More)
Purpose: We tested an entirely noncontact polar body-extraction method using an ultraviolet laser beam for laser zona drilling and a near infrared laser beam for polar body (PB) trapping and extraction. Methods: A hole was drilled into the zona pellucida of an oocyte. Then, the PB was trapped with optical tweezers and dragged through the drilled hole.(More)
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