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This first update of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations on the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is based on the original paper, a systematic review of existing recommendations and the literature since 2005 and the discussion and agreement among 21 international experts, 2 patients and 2 physiotherapists in a meeting in February 2010. Each original(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with axial spondylarthritis (SpA) who have structural changes in the sacroiliac joints and/or the spine have been classified as having ankylosing spondylitis (AS), while those without such changes are now classified as having nonradiographic axial SpA (nr-axSpA). The differentiating features are incompletely understood. METHODS Data(More)
To update and integrate the recommendations for ankylosing spondylitis and the recommendations for the use of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) into one set applicable to the full spectrum of patients with axSpA. Following the latest version of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Standardised Operating(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationship of spinal inflammation and fatty degeneration (FD) as detected by MRI and new bone formation seen on conventional radiographs (CRs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS CRs at baseline, 2 years and 5 years and spinal MRIs at baseline and 2 years of 73 AS patients treated with infliximab in European AS Infliximab(More)
OBJECTIVES The treat-to-target (T2T) concept has been applied successfully in several inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Gout is a chronic disease with a high burden of pain and inflammation. Because the pathogenesis of gout is strongly related to serum urate levels, gout may be an ideal disease in which to apply a T2T approach. Our aim was to develop(More)
OBJECTIVES The combination of clinical items suggestive of inflammatory back pain has proved useful for early identification of patients with axial SpA (axSpA) in primary care. However, whether HLA B27 contributes to that is unclear, and published recommendations have advised against it. In this study, we reanalysed data of that trial in relation to the HLA(More)
BACKGROUND The ASAS/EULAR (Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society/European League Against Rheumatism) recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have been developed by rheumatologists for a target population of health professionals. OBJECTIVE To extend the cooperation between ASAS and EULAR by translating the(More)
BACKGROUND Increased risk of some comorbidities has been reported in spondyloarthritis (SpA). Recommendations for detection/management of some of these comorbidities have been proposed, and it is known that a gap exists between these and their implementation in practice. OBJECTIVE To evaluate (1) the prevalence of comorbidities and risk factors in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) - including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) - is a frequent chronic inflammatory disease that affects mainly the axial skeleton. There is evidence that NSAIDs and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α blockers are efficacious, but not all patients achieve remission or a major clinical response. A variety of new drug(More)