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Increasing evidence suggests an important role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Thus, we investigated the effects of acute and chronic exposure to increasing concentrations of amyloid beta (Abeta) on mitochondrial function and nitric oxide (NO) production in vitro and in vivo. Our data demonstrate that PC12 cells and(More)
Transgenic mice overexpressing the P301L mutant human tau protein exhibit an accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau and develop neurofibrillary tangles. The consequences of tau pathology were investigated here by proteomics followed by functional analysis. Mainly metabolism-related proteins including mitochondrial respiratory chain complex components,(More)
1.--Mitochondrial dysfunction including decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential and reduced ATP production represents a common final pathway of many conditions associated with oxidative stress, for example, hypoxia, hypoglycemia, and aging. 2.--Since the cognition-improving effects of the standard nootropic piracetam are usually more pronounced under(More)
Autosomal dominant forms of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) are caused by mutations of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene and by mutations of the genes encoding for presenilin 1 or presenilin 2. Simultaneously, evidence is provided that increased oxidative stress might play a crucial role in the rapid progression of the Swedish FAD. Here we(More)
Mutations in the presenilins (PS) account for the majority of familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) cases. To test the hypothesis that oxidative stress can underlie the deleterious effects of presenilin mutations, we analyzed lipid peroxidation products (4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and malondialdehyde) and antioxidant defenses in brain tissue and levels of reactive(More)
Being major sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial structures are exposed to high concentrations of ROS and might therefore be particularly susceptible to oxidative injury. Mitochondrial damage may play a pivotal role in the cell death decision. Bolstered evidence indicates that mitochondrial abnormalities might be part of the spectrum of(More)
Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 has been used for many years to treat age-related cognitive disorders including Alzheimer's disease. EGb 761 given shortly after initiating mitochondrial damage by sodium nitroprusside (nitric oxide donor) improved the mitochondrial membrane potential of PC12 cells significantly and dose dependently. Under these conditions, EGb(More)
A large body of data emphasizes the central role of mitochondrial dysfunction during aging and as an early event in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study we used PC12 cells and dissociated mice brain cells, as well as isolated mitochondria to investigate the effects of EGb 761 on mitochondrial functions. We mimicked mitochondrial abnormalities during(More)
With the increasing average life span of humans and with decreasing cognitive function in elderly individuals, age-related cognitive disorders including dementia have become a major health problem in society. Aging-related mitochondrial dysfunction underlies many common neurodegenerative disorders diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is(More)
Increasing evidence suggests an important role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of many common age-related neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is the most common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dementia, memory loss, neuronal apoptosis and eventually death of the affected individuals. AD is(More)