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Bacterial antagonists are bacteria that negatively affect the growth of other organisms. Many antagonists inhibit the growth of fungi by various mechanisms, e.g., secretion of lytic enzymes, siderophores and antibiotics. Such inhibition of fungal growth may indirectly support plant growth. Here, we demonstrate that small organic volatile compounds (VOCs)(More)
Soil is one of the major habitats of bacteria and fungi. In this arena their interactions are part of a communication network that keeps microhabitats in balance. Prominent mediator molecules of these inter- and intraorganismic relationships are inorganic and organic microbial volatile compounds (mVOCs). In this review the state of the art regarding the(More)
The white flowers of N. suaveolens emit a complex bouquet of fragrance volatiles. The dominant compounds are benzenoids (e.g. methyl benzoate, methyl salicylate, benzyl benzoate and benzyl salicylate), monoterpenes (1,8-cineole, limonene, sabinene, E-β-ocimene, β-β-myrcene, α- and β-pinene and α-terpineole) and sesquiterpenes (e.g. caryophyllene), which are(More)
Benzenoid carboxyl methyltransferases synthesize methyl esters (e.g., methyl benzoate and methyl salicylate), which are constituents of aromas and scents of many plant species and play important roles in plant communication with the surrounding environment. Within the past five years, eleven such carboxyl methyltransferases were isolated and most of them(More)
Plants have to cope with various abiotic and biotic impacts as a consequence of changing environments, which can impair their ability to sexually reproduce. The main objective of this study was to investigate whether green leaf herbivory, having one of the most hazardous biotic impacts, would have any direct effect on the production and emission of floral(More)
We elucidated scent components, daily emission patterns, and the localization of floral scent release of Mirabilis jalapa. Volatiles emitted by the whole plant as well as by detached flowers were investigated using dynamic headspace analysis and gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. Among several constituents including (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, β-myrcene,(More)
Accumulation of exogenously supplied osmoprotective compounds was analyzed in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803, which synthesizes glucosylglycerol as the principal osmoprotective compound. Glucosylglycerol and trehalose were accumulated to high levels and protected cells of a mutant unable to synthesize glucosylglycerol against the deleterious(More)
The impact of hypergravity and simulated weightlessness were studied to check whether cyanobacteria perceive changes of gravity as stress. Hypergravity generated by a low-speed centrifuge increased slightly the overall activity of dehydrogenases, but the increase was the same for 90 g and 180 g. The protein pattern did not show qualitative alterations(More)
Flower-specific benzenoid carboxyl methyltransferases from Stephanotis floribunda and Nicotiana suaveolens were biochemically and structurally characterized. The floral scents of both these species contain higher levels of methyl benzoate and lower levels of methyl salicylate. The S. floribunda enzyme has a 12-fold lower K(m) value for salicylic acid (SA)(More)
Volatiles are efficient mediators of chemical communication acting universally as attractant, repellent or warning signal in all kingdoms of life. Beside this broad impact volatiles have in nature, scents are also widely used in pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries, so the identification of new scents is of great industrial interest. Despite this(More)