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Biochemical and functional studies have demonstrated major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-restricted presentation of peptides derived from cytosolic proteins, but the underlying processing and presentation pathways have remained elusive. Here we show that endogenous presentation of an epitope derived from the cytosolic protein neomycin(More)
Intensity of pretransplant conditioning has been closely correlated with regimen related toxicity in patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In this review, we summarize evidence for a direct link between inflammatory reactions induced by irradiation and cytotoxic treatment and occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) as(More)
Influenza virus still poses a major threat to human health. Despite widespread vaccination programmes and the development of drugs targeting essential viral proteins, the extremely high mutation rate of influenza virus still leads to the emergence of new pathogenic virus strains. Therefore, it has been suggested that cellular cofactors that are essential(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that intracellular antigens are endogenously presented on MHC class II, but it is still unknown whether antigens within different subcellular compartments are presented with similar efficiency, and via the same or different pathways. We have previously shown that endogenous MHC class II presentation of the cytosolic bacterial(More)
BACKGROUND Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with a number of human malignancies. EBV-positive post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease in solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients has been successfully treated by the adoptive transfer of polyclonal EBV-specific T cell lines containing CD4+ and CD8+ T cell components. Although(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids are widely used for cancer patients, although they can reduce the efficacy of anticancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS We characterized non-apoptotic actions of glucocorticoids on tumor cell lines, primary tumor cells and an in vivo model, together with molecular signaling studies. RESULTS Glucocorticoids enhanced cell(More)
Medulloblastoma is an embryonal childhood malignancy with poor prognosis. By screening 4 medulloblastoma cDNA expression libraries (SEREX) with autologous sera, 15 different antigens were identified. These antigens were encoded by 3 novel genes, genes of unknown function (KIAA0445, KIAA1853, KIAA0665, FLJ13942, HSPC213), a proto-oncogene (rab18), candidate(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) establishes lifelong persistent infections in humans by latently infecting B cells, with occasional cycles of reactivation, virus production, and reinfection. Protective immunity against EBV is mediated by T cells, but the role of EBV-specific T helper (Th) cells is still poorly defined. Here, we study the Th response to the EBV(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) plays a central role in various inflammatory reactions and its expression is readily induced by inflammatory stimuli such as cytokines or ultraviolet irradiation. We have investigated the effect of ionizing radiation (IR) on human ICAM-1 expression in human cell lines and skin cultures. ICAM-1 mRNA levels in HL60,(More)