Ussama M. Abdel-Motal

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The glycan shield comprised of multiple carbohydrate chains on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope glycoprotein gp120 helps the virus to evade neutralizing antibodies. The present study describes a novel method for increasing immunogenicity of gp120 vaccine by enzymatic replacement of sialic acid on these carbohydrate chains with(More)
The ability of memory T cells to mount a recall response plays a key role in the ability of vaccinated animals to contain viral challenge. In this study, we intensively monitored the expansion of SIV Gag-specific CD8+ T cells in peripheral blood and tissues of rhesus macaques vaccinated with the attenuated strain SIVmac239Delta3 and challenged with the(More)
BACKGROUND Although several therapeutic options have become available for patients with Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma (CTCL), no therapy has been curative. Recent studies have demonstrated that CTCL cells overexpress the CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, a xenograft model of CTCL was established and a recombinant(More)
This study describes a method for increasing the immunogenicity of influenza virus vaccines by exploiting the natural anti-Gal antibody to effectively target vaccines to antigen-presenting cells (APC). This method is based on enzymatic engineering of carbohydrate chains on virus envelope hemagglutinin to carry the alpha-Gal epitope (Gal alpha 1-3Gal beta(More)
BACKGROUND Although cervico-vaginal epithelial cells of the female lower genital tract provide the initial defense system against HIV-1 infection, the protection is sometimes incomplete. Thus, enhancing anti-HIV-1 humoral immunity at the mucosal cell surface by local expression of anti-HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (BnAb) that block HIV-1 entry(More)
Anti-Gal constitutes approximately 1% of circulating IgG in humans and interacts specifically with alpha-gal epitopes. We reported previously that expression of alpha-gal epitopes on HIV gp120 and influenza virus vaccines increases immunogenicity by approximately 100-fold. We hypothesize that immunogenicity of any microbial vaccine can be markedly increased(More)
This study describes a novel cancer immunotherapy treatment that exploits the natural anti-Gal Ab to destroy tumor lesions and convert them into an endogenous vaccine targeted to APC via FcgammaR. Anti-Gal constitutes 1% of immunoglobulins in humans and interacts specifically with alpha-gal epitopes (Galalpha1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-R). The binding of anti-Gal(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is characterized by the T cell-mediated destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Accordingly, APCs, such as macrophage, have also been shown to be important in the disease process. However, the role(s) of dendritic cells (DCs) that exhibit potent APC function remains undefined in IDDM. Here we demonstrate that(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding anti-non-gal antibody response is of significance for success in xenotransplantation. Long-term anti-non-gal response in humans was studied in patients transplanted with porcine patellar tendon (PT) lacking alpha-gal epitopes, for replacing ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). METHODS Porcine PTs were treated with(More)
Developing an effective HIV-1 vaccine will require strategies to enhance antigen presentation to the immune system. In a previous study we demonstrated a marked increase in immunogenicity of the highly glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 protein following enzymatic addition of alpha-gal epitopes to the carbohydrate chains. In the present study we determined whether(More)