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Skip segment Hirschsprung's disease is a condition where an area of normally ganglionated intestine is interspersed proximally and distally by aganglionic segments. The occurrence of skip segment has no clear embryological explanation, contrary to the present concept of failure of cranio-caudal migration of neural crest-derived cells in Hirschsprung's(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, though usually systemic, has been known to cause localised involvement of organs like lung, liver, testis and gastrointestinal tract. We report a case of cytomegaloviral infection involving the epididymis without systemic manifestations in an young male one month after renal transplantation. The diagnosis was made on(More)
The Tzanck smear is a simple, sensitive, and rapid test to diagnose pemphigus vulgaris (PV), a life threatening autoimmune blistering disorder. The presence of acantholytic cells in cytology is indicative of but not specific for PV. Hence, a direct Immunofluorescence (DIF) test to demonstrate immunoglobulin deposits on the acantholytic cells would make the(More)
Eosinophilic pleural effusions (EPFs), defined as the presence of 10% or more eosinophils in the pleural fluid, are relatively rare. Their diagnostic and prognostic significance, however, remains controversial, as most of the studies are based almost entirely on retrospective case studies. This prospective study examines 26 eosinophilic pleural effusions(More)
BACKGROUND Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry on rectal mucosal biopsies accurately diagnoses Hirschsprung disease (HD), but is not widely employed as it requires special tissue handling and pathologist expertise. Calretinin immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been reported to be comparable to AChE staining with the loss of expression correlating with(More)
Two cases of parathyroid adenoma were diagnosed with ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration. Both patients were clinically suspected of having features of primary hyperparathyroidism. On aspiration, one had an associated cystic change with golden brown fluid and the other a markedly cellular aspirate. The cells aspirated were differentiated from thyroid(More)
Segmental dilatation of the colon is a rare disorder of colonic motility in children, often presenting with severe constipation in older infants, children, and occasionally adults. It may mimic the commoner Hirschsprung disease clinicoradiologically but differs in that the ganglion cell morphology and distribution are typically normal in the colon. We(More)
BACKGROUND Immunity status, individual response to disease and types of antibodies produced are well known to vary from person to person, place to place and probably from population to population. A broad spectrum of specific auto antibodies that have so far been associated with specific rheumatic diseases, as noted in Western literature, has been well(More)
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid is a cost-effective and simple diagnostic tool in the initial screening of patients with thyroid nodules. But, its role in a clinically normal thyroid or a minimally enlarged thyroid in a symptomatic patient suspected of having thyroid dysfunction is unknown. With our 2-yr experience in a setup of a tertiary health(More)