Usha K. Sharma

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Chemokines have been implicated as protective factors against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, competing for binding to receptors that also function as coreceptors for HIV. In this study of HIV-positive donors, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) culture resistance to endogenous and exogenous HIV correlated with low plasma viremia and high(More)
Insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) has been used as a treatment for cachexia in adults with AIDS and has been reported to show inhibitory activity against HIV-1IIIB in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) in vitro at low-concentration (1%) fetal bovine serum (FCS). We evaluated the effect of IGF-I on MN, IIIB, and BaL strains, as well as on a patient(More)
We have studied a woman with transfusion-acquired HIV who appears to have contained infectious virus to consistently undetectable levels over a 13-year period without antiviral treatment. She received the infected transfusion for intra- and postpartum blood loss immediately after delivery of her second child in 1981. She had no acute febrile syndrome and(More)
Disseminated Mycobacterium avium infections are common in patients with AIDS and result in a reduced life expectancy. Human monocytes/macrophages are important target cells for both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and M. avium. We have studied the interaction in vitro of M. avium and HIV type 1 (HIV-1) in human macrophages. Human monocytes isolated from(More)
Reliable methods for measuring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence are a high priority for HIV prevention. They are particularly important to assess the population-level effectiveness of new prevention strategies, to evaluate the community-wide impact of ongoing prevention programs, and to assess whether a proposed prevention trial can be performed(More)
The precise timing and mechanism of in utero human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are unknown, but transplacental transmission is likely. Term placentas from HIV+ pregnancies contain only rare HIV-infected cells whose origins and phenotypes remain controversial, and no correlation has been found between the presence of HIV in term placentas and(More)
Standard isolation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) requires 5 to 20 ml of blood, and the centrifugal separation of PBMC is expensive and time-consuming. Whole-blood coculture techniques use small sample volumes, do not require centrifugation, and allow measurement of the total viral burden in(More)