Urszula Szkudlarek

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Various cells including polymorphonuclear leukocytes, alveolar macrophages and type-II pneumocytes may be a source of exhaled hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in airways of humans. H2O2 can convert into hydroxyl radicals leading to peroxidative damage of airways structures and formation of volatile thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs). We tested whether(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic sclerosis is accompanied by an influx of activated phagocytes into distal airways. These cells release H2O2, which may evaporate from the airways surface and be detected in expired breath condensate. We tested whether patients with systemic sclerosis exhale more H2O2 than healthy subjects and whether breath condensate H2O2 levels(More)
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has antioxidant properties and its oral administration decreased H(2)O(2) exhalation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In this study we tested whether inhaled NAC could suppress H(2)O(2) levels in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of eight healthy subjects that have never smoked (never-smokers). Original NAC(More)
Mycobacteria are the strong stimulators of respiratory burst, resulting in production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen intermediates. The aim of our study was to assess the concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in expired breath condensate (EBC) and the serum level of interleukin-18 (IL-18) in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the participation of plasma PON1 (paraoxonase activity [PON] and arylesterase activity [ARE]) in antioxidant defense in response to a single bout of maximal exercise. PON, ARE, lipid profile, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]), total antioxidant status (ferric reducing ability of(More)
OBJECTIVES There are conflicting data on the influence of physical activity on paraoxonase1 (PON1) activity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of maximal exercise (ME) on plasma paraoxonase (PON) and arylesterase (ARE) activity in elite rugby players. In addition, the influence of training experience and PON1 Q192R polymorphism on PON1(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to compare the local and systemic markers of inflammatory processes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and in those with pneumonia coexisting with lung cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventeen patients with community-acquired pneumonia (group I), 14 patients with pneumonia and lung cancer (group II), and(More)
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of maximal exercise (ME) on paraoxonase (PON) and arylesterase (ARE) activity depending on lifestyle in respect to physical activity. The study was performed on 46 young men divided into two groups: sedentary (S) and physically active (PA). All participants performed ME on a treadmill. PON1 activities, FRAP,(More)
The presence of hypothalamic hormones in the pituitary portal blood is regarded as the principal factor by which the hypothalamus controls pituitary secretion. In contrast to numerous investigations on hypothalamic hormone release, the regulation of the hypophysial-portal blood flow (HPBF) has been scarcely studied. Hypophysial-portal vessels were exposed(More)
Substance P (SP) affects gonadotropin release from the anterior pituitary gland. In the present study we tested whether SP exerts this effect through GnRH release into pituitary portal blood in intact male rats (INT), orchidectomized rats with s.c. chronically implanted empty Silastic capsule (ORCX), testosterone capsule (ORCX + T), and 17beta-estradiol(More)