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BACKGROUND The iatrogenic, HIV-related lipodystrophy is associated with development of the significant metabolic and cardiovascular complications. The underlying mechanisms of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are not completely explored. METHODS The aim of the study was to characterize effects of the protease inhibitor (PI)--saquinavir (SQV) on metabolic(More)
Female mice from two inbred strains CBA/Kw and KE differ markedly in fertility. The gametes of females from KE strain are of poorer quality than those of CBA/Kw. We analyzed the number of oocytes per ovary in KE and CBA/Kw mice aged 5, 25, 90, 180 and 360 days. The ovaries were dissected and processed according to the routine histological methods. In case(More)
Increased ROS generation by the overload by metabolic substrates mitochondria paralleled by decrease of antioxidant activity are typical events found in metabolic syndrome and diabetes type 2. Metabolites of beta-carotene (BC) such as retinoic acid (RA), as well as low concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) modify the mitochondrial bioenergetic(More)
Changes in the inner mitochondrial membrane potential (∆ψ) may lead either to apoptosis or to protective autophagy. Connexin 43 (Cx43), a gap junction protein, is suggested to affect mitochondrial membrane permeability. The aim of our study was to analyze Cx43 gene expression, Cx43 protein localization and mitochondrial function in the human endothelial(More)
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