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OBJECTIVES Angiogenesis, the process of formation of blood vessels, is essential for many physiological as well as pathological processes. It has been shown that human adipose tissue contains a population of non-characterized cells, called stromal-vascular fraction (SVF) cells, which are able to differentiate into several lineages. The aim of this study was(More)
Forty-one Wagner revision stems were implanted at the Orthopedic Department of the University of Tübingen between July 1990 and January 1993. We report the results of 37 patients at an average follow-up of 27 months (13–48 months) postoperatively. The main indication was stem loosening with considerable loss of bone. In addition, we used the implant 4 times(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the effect of bilateral vagotomy (BV) on the course of acute caerulein-induced pancreatitis (AP) in the rat. MATERIAL/METHODS The study was performed on Wistar rats surgically prepared by subdiaphragmatic BV. Control group underwent sham operation. Four days later, AP was induced by subcutaneous injection of caerulein (25 μg/kg/5h) to(More)
BACKGROUND The iatrogenic, HIV-related lipodystrophy is associated with development of the significant metabolic and cardiovascular complications. The underlying mechanisms of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are not completely explored. METHODS The aim of the study was to characterize effects of the protease inhibitor (PI)--saquinavir (SQV) on metabolic(More)
CONTEXT In obesity, the cells are exposed to excessive amounts of nutrients, especially free fatty acids (FFAs) that induce a variety of metabolic changes. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of FFAs on the mitochondrial function in different cell populations under stress conditions. METHODS Human adipose tissue progenitor cells (SVF) or endothelial(More)
Female mice from two inbred strains CBA/Kw and KE differ markedly in fertility. The gametes of females from KE strain are of poorer quality than those of CBA/Kw. We analyzed the number of oocytes per ovary in KE and CBA/Kw mice aged 5, 25, 90, 180 and 360 days. The ovaries were dissected and processed according to the routine histological methods. In case(More)
Melatonin protects the pancreas from inflammation and free radical damage but the effect of the melatonin metabolite: N(1)-acetyl-N(2)-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK) on acute pancreatitis is unknown. This study assessed the effects of AFMK on acute pancreatitis (AP) in the rats in vivo and on pancreatic cell line AR42J in vitro. AFMK (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg)(More)
Increased ROS generation by the overload by metabolic substrates mitochondria paralleled by decrease of antioxidant activity are typical events found in metabolic syndrome and diabetes type 2. Metabolites of beta-carotene (BC) such as retinoic acid (RA), as well as low concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) modify the mitochondrial bioenergetic(More)