Ursula Valentiner

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The thiazolidinedione (TZD) or glitazone class of peroxisome proliferator-activated-gamma (PPAR-gamma) ligands not only induce adipocyte differentiation and increase insulin sensitivity, but also exert growth inhibitory effects on several carcinoma cell lines in vitro as well as in vivo. In the current study the in vitro effect of four PPAR-gamma agonists(More)
Expression of CD44, a transmembrane glycoprotein involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, has been associated with growth and metastatic behavior in several malignant tumors. In contrast to most other malignancies, in which up-regulation of CD44 is related to tumor progression, the absence of CD44 expression characterizes the aggressiveness of(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM is a cell surface glycoprotein of the immunoglobulin superfamily and is widely expressed in tumours of neuroectodermal origin such as neuroblastoma. NCAM can be decorated by the carbohydrate polymer polysialic acid (polySia), which attenuates NCAM-mediated cell adhesion and increases cellular motility. The key enzymes(More)
Rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonist used in clinical practice to treat type 2 diabetes, has been shown to inhibit neuroblastoma cell proliferation in vitro. In the present study, SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells were subcutaneously injected into SCID mice and their growth and metastatic behavior under the(More)
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial pediatric solid tumor with poor prognosis in children with disseminated stage of disease. A number of studies show that molecules largely distributed in commonly consumed fruits and vegetables may have anti-tumor activity. In this study we evaluate the effect of Citrus bergamia (bergamot) juice (BJ) in vitro and(More)
BACKGROUND Lectins, carbohydrate proteins, bind non-covalently to glycoconjugate of normal and malignant cells. If used in cell culture, they can influence cellular proliferation. In this study the in vitro effects of six dietary lectins on the cell proliferation of human breast cancer cell lines were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell proliferation(More)
Six human breast cancer cell lines were injected subcutaneously into scid mice and their in vivo growth behaviour and HPA binding pattern were analysed. Furthermore, the role of HPA binding glycoconjugates concerning the adhesion to endothelial cells in vitro was investigated. Four of the tested cell lines engrafted in the scid mouse model but they showed(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor therapy has been monitored using the metabolic indicator [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG). However, the nucleotide precursor [18F]fluoro-thymidine ([18F]FLT) is in principle more specific as it is incorporated into DNA. Thus, the [18F]FDG and [18F]FLT uptake by human neuroblastomas grown in Scid mice are compared in this study. (More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of the proteasome-ubiquitin pathway has shown to exert growth inhibitory effects on several human carcinoma cell lines. In this study, the influence of bortezomib on human neuroblastoma cells was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell proliferation of seven human neuroblastoma cell lines under bortezomib treatment was assessed by a(More)
BACKGROUND Glycosylation of the tumour cell surface is of importance in metastasis formation as indicated by lectin-binding studies. In particular, binding of the lectin HPA is associated with metastasis formation, both in clinical studies and in xenograft models of breast and colon cancer. Here we examined if there is an association between the(More)