Ursula Schmid

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Increased activity of the renin angiotensin system with enhanced levels of angiotensin II leads to oxidative stress with endothelial dysfunction, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. Epidemiologic studies revealed a higher cancer mortality and an increased kidney cancer incidence in hypertensive patients. Because elevated angiotensin II levels might(More)
BACKGROUND Complications in diabetes mellitus are partially mediated by enhanced formation of reactive oxygen species. Among the factors involved in reactive oxygen species formation, advanced glycation end products play a key role. Owing to a reduced activity of the enzyme transketolase, which requires diphosphorylated thiamine (vitamin B(1)) as cofactor,(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer incidence and genomic damage of peripheral lymphocytes are elevated in patients with end-stage renal failure. Among other uraemic toxins, homocysteine (Hcy) levels are increased in most of these patients. In healthy individuals, plasma Hcy correlates with the degree of genomic damage observed in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). The(More)
Pelargonidin (PEL), a common anthocyanidin with estrogenic activity, was tested in HL-60 cells for its genotoxicity and possible antigenotoxic effects against 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (NQO), a potent mutagen and carcinogen which induces oxidative stress. To take into account potential interactions between phytochemicals within normal human nutrition, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) exhibit an enhanced genomic damage which may have pathophysiological relevance for cancer development and cardiovascular complications. The DNA damage has been shown both in the pre-dialysis and dialysis phase by micronucleus (MN) frequency test and single cell gel electrophoresis in peripheral blood(More)
Hemodialysis patients have an elevated genomic damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and an increased cancer incidence, possibly due to accumulation of uremic toxins like advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Because the vitamin B1 prodrug benfotiamine reduces AGE levels in experimental diabetes, and dialysis patients often suffer from vitamin B1(More)
Statins, inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, exert various beneficial effects independent of serum cholesterol reduction; among others is antioxidative action. Human promyelocytic cells (HL-60) were used to examine the effect of the statin rosuvastatin on reactive oxygen species-induced DNA damage, formation of oxidative(More)
Epidemiological studies exploring the connection between hypertension and cancer demonstrate a higher cancer incidence, especially of kidney cancer, and a higher cancer mortality in hypertensive patients. Hormones elevated in hypertension, i.e., aldosterone and angiotensin II, which exert genotoxic effects in vitro, could contribute to carcinogenesis in(More)
Hypertensive patients exhibit elevated cancer incidence, especially of cancers of the kidney. Elevated levels of ANG II, the active peptide of the renin-angiotensin system, regulating blood pressure and cardiovascular homeostasis, are known to cause hypertension and kidney diseases. There is evidence that ANG II is an activator of NAD(P)H oxidase, leading(More)
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