Ursula Ryder

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Nuclear proteins are targeted through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) in an energy-dependent reaction. The import reaction is mediated by nuclear localization sequences (NLS) in the substrate which are recognized by heterodimeric cytoplasmic receptors. hSRP1 alpha is an NLS-binding subunit of the human NLS receptor complex and is complexed in vivo with a(More)
In a previous proteomic study of the human spliceosome, we identified 42 spliceosome-associated factors, including 19 novel ones. Using enhanced mass spectrometric tools and improved databases, we now report identification of 311 proteins that copurify with splicing complexes assembled on two separate pre-mRNAs. All known essential human splicing factors(More)
Nuclear import of proteins containing a nuclear localization signal (NLS) is dependent on the presence of a cytoplasmic NLS receptor, the GTPase Ran, and p10/ NTF2. The NLS receptor is a heterodimeric proteins consisting of subunits of approximately 60 and 97 kDa, which have been termed importin alpha/beta, karyopherin alpha/beta, or PTAC 58/ 97. Members of(More)
HeLa cell nuclear splicing extracts have been prepared that are specifically and efficiently depleted of U1, U2, or U4/U6 snRNPs by antisense affinity chromatography using biotinylated 2'-OMe RNA oligonucleotides. Removal of each snRNP particle prevents pre-mRNA splicing but arrests spliceosome formation at different stages of assembly. Mixing extracts(More)
Eukaryotic pre-mRNA splicing is an essential step in gene expression for all genes that contain introns. In contrast to transcription and translation, few well characterized chemical inhibitors are available with which to dissect the splicing process, particularly in cells. Therefore, the identification of specific small molecules that either inhibit or(More)
We have used antisense 2'-OMe RNA oligonucleotides carrying four 5'-terminal biotin residues to probe the structure and function of the human U4/U6 snRNP. Nine oligonucleotides, complementary to multiple regions of U4 and U6 snRNAs, bound stably and specifically to U4/U6 snRNP. This allowed for efficient and selective removal of U4/U6 from HeLa cell nuclear(More)
Biotinylated 2'-OMe RNA oligonucleotides complementary to two separate regions of human U2 snRNA have been used as affinity probes to study U2 snRNP--pre-mRNA interactions. Both oligonucleotides bind specifically and allow highly selective removal of U2 snRNP from HeLa cell nuclear extracts. Pre-mRNA substrates can also be specifically affinity selected(More)
We have used oligonucleotides made of 2'-OMe RNA to analyze the role of separate domains of U2 snRNA in the splicing process. We show that antisense 2'-OMe RNA oligonucleotides bind efficiently and specifically to U2 snRNP and demonstrate that masking of two separate regions of U2 snRNA can inhibit splicing by affecting different steps in the spliceosome(More)
Human factor C1 (HCF-1) is needed for the expression of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) immediate-early genes in infected mammalian cells. Here, we provide evidence that HCF-1 is required for spliceosome assembly and splicing in mammalian nuclear extracts. HCF-1 interacts with complexes containing splicing snRNPs in uninfected mammalian cells and is a stable(More)
2'-O-Methyl oligoribonucleotides have recently been introduced as antisense probes for studying RNA processing and for affinity purification of RNA-protein complexes. To identify RNA analogues with improved properties for antisense analysis, 2'-O-alkyl oligoribonucleotides were synthesized in which the alkyl moiety was either the three-carbon linear allyl(More)