Ursula Protin

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Mucus hypersecretion from hyperplastic airway goblet cells is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although cigarette smoking is thought to be involved in mucus hypersecretion in COPD, the mechanism by which cigarette smoke induces mucus overproduction is unknown. Here we show that activation of epidermal growth factor receptors(More)
Cell adhesion molecules are considered to be pivotal elements required for proper embryo development. The transmembrane glycoprotein CD44, which is expressed in numerous splice variants on the surface of many different cell types and tissues, has been suggested to be involved in several physiological processes such as cell-cell interactions, signal(More)
The HMC-1 mast cell line has both adenosine A(3) and A(2b) receptors on its surface, but only agonists of the A(2b) receptor are effective at releasing interleukin 8. Object of this study was to look for co-factors for adenosine A(2b) receptor activation. There was a powerful and statistically significant synergy for release of IL-8, both at the mRNA level(More)
Tumor suppressor genes act as recessive determinants of cancer. These genes contribute to the normal phenotype and are required for regulating cell growth and differentiation during development. Inactivation of tumor suppressor genes leads to an unrestricted pattern of growth in specific cell types. In Drosophila, a series of genes have been identified that(More)
Tumor suppressor genes of Drosophila are developmental genes which, in the homozygously mutated state, induce in one step malignant or benign neoplastic transformation of specific cell types. They act early in development and by this set the stage for cell specific differentiation of imaginal discs, adult optic neuroblasts, blood and gonial cells. The(More)
Tumour suppressor genes act as recessive determinants of cancer. Their function is required for normal cell growth and differentiation during development. When both alleles of these developmental genes are inactivated, cell growth becomes unrestricted. In Drosophila, a series of genes have been identified which when mutated produce tissue-specific tumours.(More)
Of the 28 presently known Drosophila tumor suppressor genes we present the status of the functional analysis of the following three genes: (a) lethal (3) malignant brain tumor [1(3)mbt], which by homology belongs to the Pc-G gene family and may be involved in the stable silencing of specific developmental genes by changing the chromatin structure, and thus(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of a 39,090 bp segment from the left arm of yeast chromosome IV was determined. Twenty-one open reading frames (ORFs) longer than 100 amino acids and a Gly-tRNA gene were discovered. Nine of the 21 ORFs (D0892, D1022, D1037, D1045, D1057, D1204, D1209, D1214, D1219) correspond to the previously sequenced Saccharomyces(More)
Six Drosophila melanogaster tumor suppressor genes causing malignant or benign tumors in specific cell types are described. The wild-type alleles of these genes are instrumental in the differentiation of particular cell types. In the homozygous state, recessive mutations in the genes interrupt the differentiation of the cells and thus cause their(More)
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