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Thermal treatments for tissue ablation rely upon the heating of cells past a threshold beyond which the cells are considered destroyed, denatured, or killed. In this article, a novel three-state model for cell death is proposed where there exists a vulnerable state positioned between the alive and dead states used in a number of existing cell death models.(More)
Recent evidence indicates that growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) functions as a growth factor for gastrointestinal (GI) tumours. The tumourigenic effects of GHRH appear to be mediated by the splice variant 1 (SV-1) of GHRH receptor as well as the full length pituitary type receptor for GHRH (GHRH-R). We examined the protein and mRNA expression of(More)
Liver cirrhosis is a common disease causing great public-health concern because of the frequent complications requiring hospital care. Acute liver failure is also prone to several complications but is rare. One of the main complications for both acute and chronic liver diseases is infection, which regularly causes decompensation of cirrhosis, possibly(More)
In this paper, a novel segmentation method for liver vasculature is presented, intended for numerical simulation of radio frequency ablation (RFA). The developed method is a semiautomatic hybrid based on multi-scale vessel enhancement combined with ridge-oriented region growing and skeleton-based postprocessing. In addition, an interactive tool for(More)
Albumin, among other molecules, binds and detoxifies endotoxin in healthy people. Oxidative stress leads to protein oxidation and thus to the impaired binding properties of albumin. This property, in combination with increased gut permeability, leads to the appearance of endotoxin in the systemic circulation and to impaired organ function. We hypothesize(More)
BACKGROUND After heart transplantation (HTx), endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is currently the standard method to diagnose acute graft rejection. A non-invasive marker of rejection would be desirable as an alternative or to permit more selective use of the costly and invasive EMB. METHODS In this retrospective study, outcomes of routinely taken EMBs were used(More)
BACKGROUND Literature is controversial whether organs from living donors have a better graft function than brain dead (BD) and non-heart-beating donor organs. Success of transplantation has been correlated with high-energy phosphate (HEP) contents of the graft. METHODS HEP contents in heart, liver, kidney, and pancreas from living, BD, and donation after(More)
Data below 1 mm voxel size is getting more and more common in the clinical practice but it is still hard to obtain a consistent collection of such datasets for medical image processing research. With this paper we provide a large collection of Contrast Enhanced (CE) Computed Tomography (CT) data from porcine animal experiments and describe their acquisition(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most common malignant tumour, with a high mortality rate. This study aimed to investigate the effect of hyperthermia on HepG2 and LX-1 cell lines to gain more information on thermal treatment of liver tumours. MATERIALS AND METHODS The cell lines HepG2, LX-1 and their co-cultures were heated from 55°C to(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is one treatment option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) where tumour cells are destroyed by heat. However, there is lack of knowledge about cellular reactions after heating. Therefore, we studied cell death after heat application in a cell-culture setting mimicking HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS Intracellularly(More)