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Basement membranes are specialized extracellular matrices consisting of tissue-specific organizations of multiple matrix molecules and serve as structural barriers as well as substrates for cellular interactions. The network of collagen IV is thought to define the scaffold integrating other components such as, laminins, nidogens or perlecan, into highly(More)
Exfoliation (pseudoexfoliation; PEX) syndrome is the single most common identifiable cause of open-angle glaucoma, however, very few investigators are engaged in basic research on this disease. To stimulate the field, the First International Think Tank on Exfoliation Syndrome was held in New York in July 1999, comprising clinicians and scientists. This(More)
In the optic nerve head, the optic nerve fibers are represented by the neuroretinal rim. The rim area showing a high interindividual variability is positively correlated with the optic disc size. This study was performed to address the question of whether, in addition to having a larger neuroretinal rim, eyes with large optic discs also have a higher count(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether lymphatic vessels exist in vascularized human corneas, by using immunohistochemistry with novel markers for lymphatic endothelium. METHODS Human corneas exhibiting neovascularization secondary to keratitis, transplant rejection, trauma, and limbal insufficiency (n = 21) were assessed for lymphatic vessel content by(More)
The maintenance of a healthy corneal epithelium under both normal and wound healing conditions is achieved by a population of stem cells (SC) located in the basal epithelium at the corneoscleral limbus. In the light of the development of strategies for reconstruction of the ocular surface in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency, a major challenge in(More)
BACKGROUND Renewed interest in pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) may be attributed to an increased awareness of many clinical risks not only for open-angle glaucoma and its recent recognition as a generalized disorder. This review summarizes the range of intraocular and extraocular manifestations. Involvement of all tissues of the anterior segment of the eye(More)
Homozygous deletion of a 84-kb genomic fragment in human chromosome 1 that encompasses the CFHR1 and CFHR3 genes represents a risk factor for hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) but has a protective effect in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here we identify CFHR1 as a novel inhibitor of the complement pathway that blocks C5 convertase activity and(More)
PURPOSE To provide an update on most recent developments regarding ocular and systemic manifestations and complications, clinical diagnosis and management, and molecular pathophysiology of pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome, and to discuss future tasks and challenges in this field. DESIGN Perspective. METHODS Review of recent literature and authors' own(More)
Members of the type IV collagen family are essential components of all basement membranes (BMs) and define structural stability as well as tissue-specific functions. The major isoform, alpha1.alpha1.alpha2(IV), contributes to the formation of many BMs and its deficiency causes embryonic lethality in mouse. We have identified an allelic series of three ENU(More)
PURPOSE Latanoprost, a prostaglandin F(2alpha) analogue, has become one of the most widely used medications for the treatment of glaucoma. The authors hypothesized that organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) are responsible for the uptake of latanoprost into ocular tissues and, hence, that they contribute to the interindividual differences in drug(More)