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Although deoxythymidylate cannot be provided directly by ribonucleotide reductase, the gene encoding thymidylate synthase ThyA is absent from the genomes of a large number of nonsymbiotic microbes. We show that ThyX (Thy1) proteins of previously unknown function form a large and distinct class of thymidylate synthases. ThyX has a wide but sporadic(More)
The gene for a reaction center core polypeptide from the anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium Heliobacillus mobilis was cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence consists of 609 residues with a molecular mass of 68 kDa. An adjacent open reading frame is not transcribed under our experimental conditions. No evidence for a second related reaction(More)
Flash-induced absorption changes arising from b-type hemes were studied on whole cells of Heliobacillus mobilis under physiological and redox-controlled conditions. The sensitivity of the monitored redox changes to inhibitors of cytochrome bc complexes and the redox potential dependence of reduction and oxidation reactions of cytochrome b-hemes demonstrate(More)
Reduced folate derivatives participate in numerous reactions of bacterial intermediary metabolism. Consequently, the well-characterized enzyme implicated in the formation of tetrahydrofolate--dihydrofolate reductase FolA--was considered to be essential for bacterial growth. However, comparative genomics has revealed several bacterial genome sequences that(More)
The Rieske 2Fe2S center from Bacillus PS3, a Gram-positive thermophilic eubacterium, has been studied by EPR spectroscopy. Its redox midpoint potential at pH 7.0 was determined to be +165 +/- 10 mV and was found to decrease with an apparent slope of -80 mV/pH unit above pH 7.9. The Qo-site inhibitor stigmatellin induced spectral changes analogous to those(More)
The iron-sulfur (Fe-S) protein subunit of the bc1 complex, known as the Rieske protein, contains a high-potential [2Fe-2S] cluster ligated by two nitrogen and two sulfur atoms to its apoprotein. Earlier work indicated that in Rhodobacter capsulatus these atoms are provided by two cysteine (C133 and C153) and two histidine (H135 and H156) residues, located(More)
Fingerprint analyses of two potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTV) isolates causing severe and mild symptoms, respectively, in tomato exhibited defined differences in the RNase T1 and RNase A fingerprints. The complete sequencing of the mild isolate and the comparison of its primary structure with the previously established one of the pathogenic type strain(More)
Sequence analysis of the 330-kb double-stranded DNA genome of Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1 revealed an open reading frame A674R that encodes a protein with up to 53% amino acid identity to a recently discovered new class of thymidylate synthases, called ThyX. Unlike the traditional thymidylate synthase, ThyA, that uses methylenetetrahydrofolate(More)
Fast intraprotein electron transfer reactions associated with enzymatic catalysis are often difficult to synchronize and therefore to monitor directly in non-light-driven systems. However, in the mitochondrial respiratory enzyme cytochrome oxidase aa(3), the kinetics of the final electron transfer step into the active site can be determined: reverse(More)
Little is known about the catalytic mechanism of the recently discovered ThyX family of flavin-dependent thymidylate synthases that are required for thymidylate (deoxythymidine 5'-monophosphate) synthesis in a large number of microbial species. Using a combination of site-directed mutagenesis and biochemical measurements, we have identified several residues(More)