Ursula Liebl

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Although deoxythymidylate cannot be provided directly by ribonucleotide reductase, the gene encoding thymidylate synthase ThyA is absent from the genomes of a large number of nonsymbiotic microbes. We show that ThyX (Thy1) proteins of previously unknown function form a large and distinct class of thymidylate synthases. ThyX has a wide but sporadic(More)
The gene for a reaction center core polypeptide from the anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium Heliobacillus mobilis was cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence consists of 609 residues with a molecular mass of 68 kDa. An adjacent open reading frame is not transcribed under our experimental conditions. No evidence for a second related reaction(More)
Flash-induced absorption changes arising from b-type hemes were studied on whole cells of Heliobacillus mobilis under physiological and redox-controlled conditions. The sensitivity of the monitored redox changes to inhibitors of cytochrome bc complexes and the redox potential dependence of reduction and oxidation reactions of cytochrome b-hemes demonstrate(More)
Sequence analysis of the 330-kb double-stranded DNA genome of Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1 revealed an open reading frame A674R that encodes a protein with up to 53% amino acid identity to a recently discovered new class of thymidylate synthases, called ThyX. Unlike the traditional thymidylate synthase, ThyA, that uses methylenetetrahydrofolate(More)
Reaction center photochemistry in Heliobacterium chlorum has been investigated by using EPR and flash absorption spectroscopy at low temperatures. The following results were obtained. At 5 K, in the presence of ascorbate, continuous illumination resulted in the formation of P798+ and a reduced iron-sulfur center designated FB (gz = 2.07, gy = 1.93, gx =(More)
Glial activation contiguous to deposits of amyloid peptide (Abeta) is a characteristic feature in Alzheimer's disease. We performed complementary in vitro and in vivo experiments to study the extent, kinetics, and mechanisms of microglial generation of nitric oxide (NO) induced by challenge with Abeta. We showed that Abeta fibrils dose-dependently induced a(More)
Interaction of the two high-spin hemes in the oxygen reduction site of the bd-type quinol oxidase from Escherichia coli has been studied by femtosecond multicolor transient absorption spectroscopy. The previously unidentified Soret band of ferrous heme b(595) was determined to be centered around 440 nm by selective excitation of the fully reduced unliganded(More)
By using biochemical and structural analyses, we have investigated the catalytic mechanism of the recently discovered flavin-dependent thymidylate synthase ThyX from Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1 (PBCV-1). Site-directed mutagenesis experiments have identified several residues implicated in either NADPH oxidation or deprotonation activity of PBCV-1(More)
Little is known about the catalytic mechanism of the recently discovered ThyX family of flavin-dependent thymidylate synthases that are required for thymidylate (deoxythymidine 5'-monophosphate) synthesis in a large number of microbial species. Using a combination of site-directed mutagenesis and biochemical measurements, we have identified several residues(More)
Membrane fragments from Heliobacillus mobilis were characterized using time resolved optical spectroscopy and photovoltage measurements in order to detect a possible participation of menaquinone (MQ), functioning analogous to the phylloquinone A1 in photosystem I, as intermediate in electron transfer from the primary acceptor A0 to the iron-sulfur cluster(More)